Xncnv

     amhpw amghpw

       

  I¡WvS amhns FmsmpIfn CfwImn CfInbmSp amgqhpw AXns\ Npnn Ie]neIqp Amdmcpw aebmfnbpsS _meyIme kvacWIfn Fpw ] ]nSnp\n¡p A\p`qXnbmWv.  \mn ]pdfnsems amgmew Fm Dhn {]XoXnbmWv.  anhmdpw IpnIġv kvIq a[yth\eh[n XpSptmgmbncnpw amgfpw \ndw amdn a[pcw hbvpI.  ]noStmv acw Ibdm\pw FdnnSm\pw Hcpp IpnIġv {]IrXn Hcp hncpsmcppIbmWv-amg hncpv.  Fmsmn DubemSp I¡WvS amgnsemscsanepw Xmtgnp Xcm Amdt\mSp tIWp]dbp {KmaoW_me\pw _menIbpsams \fnsemcm Xsbt? A{Xam{Xw Cg]ncnm BhmXmWv aebmfnbpw amgmehpw Xnep _w tIcfw Hcp Imev amgn\pw amhpIrjnpw Gsd t]scSp \mSmbncpp.  henb amtmpI Hpw AhImisSm\nsænepw Htm ctWvSm amhpI Cm hoSpI Cmbncpp. amhn\v Ipdv ]pWy`mhw IpSn Iev]np \Inbncp sslh Krlfn amhv Hcp \n_ LSIhpambncpp.  tIm{Iov kwkvImcn\pw \mKcnIXbvpw ]qambpw hgnsmSpm Nne ]gb XdhmSpIfpsS apn Cpw KXImekvacWIfpsS {]uVnbpambn ]Sp ]env Xebpbn \n¡p apn amhpI ImWmw.

Fm Cv \psS \mSn\v amhpIfpsS ImcynepWvSmbncp Cu alnabvv sXv atennt Fp kwibntWvSnbncnpp.  {Ibhn{IbfpsS ^eambpw cayl ]WnXotmgpw ]pXnb hnIk\ {]h\ġv CSw IsWvSnbtmgpw Hs Cu ]mhw ^ehrns ta Bbncpp ]etmgpw agphoWXv.  ^etam \ptSsXv A`nam\nmambncp Hcp [\yamb ssPhkn\v ImXemb Ipdhp kw`hnp. \mS amhpIfn ]eXpw A{]Xyambn. hoSpIfnepw hgntbmcfnepw ]Sp ]env \ndsb amgw Xv \nncp amhpI Xntcm[m\w sNbvXp.  As\ amhpIfpsS Fw Ipdtm amgns Dev]mZ\hpw kmcambn Ipdp.

Ghpw HSphn e`yambnpff nXnhnhcWpI A\pkcnv tIcfn GItZiw 82000 tmfw slIvS emWv amhv IrjnbpffXv.  IrXyambn ]dm 81874 slIvS.  Ghpa[nIw amhpIrjnbpff PnI Iqcpw tImgntmSpw Xs.  Ghpw IpdhmIs Bepgbpw.  tIcfnse BsI amg Dev]mZ\w 253911 S BWv.  Dev]mZ\ns Imcynepw Iq, tImgntmSp PnI Xs apn.

Ign Iptd hjs IWpI ]cntim[nm amhns Irjne hnkvXrXnbn \apv t\cnb ]ptcmKXn {]ISamm IgnnpWvSv Fp ImWmw.  Fm Cu {][m\ ^eh hnfbpsS Imcyn \apv C{Xbpw {i aXntbm Fv BtemNntWvSnbncnpp.  ap ]e cwKsbpw t]mse Nne \n_]qhamb \S]SnI hgnsbnepw \apv amhv F Cu Aaqeyamb ssPh kns\ cnt Xocq.

Aev]w amg ]pcmWw
AarXpt]mse BkzmZyIcamb amgns Ncn{Xw ]ucmWnIImetmfw ]ntmw t]mIpp.  amhv Hcp ]pWy hrambn _paXhnizmknIfpw sslhcpw IcpXpp.

AchnatimIw N NqXw N \hamenI  
\otem¸ew Nm]sstX]_mWkykmbIw  

NqXw Fm amqhv ImatZhs ApIfn Hv amqhmWv Fw.  

Xangv\mnepw Dtcybnepw amhnebpw amqhpw sImWvSmWv sslh IeymW aWvU]fpw apw AecnpXv.

kwXr]vXn \Ipw kIte{nb- 
sgpw_ew, lrZyatXsd hrjyw
\mIfn XpjvSnbptataIpw  
^efn `q]Xn am Xs  

]ghfn cmPmhp amgw XsbmWv Fp]dbp ]ZyiIeamWnXv.  Cu _lpaXn In hn[w a[pchpw cpNnbpw kpKhpw HnWnb Hcp ^ehamWv amgw.  t]mjIaqeyns Imcyn amgw ap ^ehsf At]nv Gsd apnemWv.  

t]mjILSIw

Afhv (iXam\w)

Pemwiw   

86.1

amwkyw

0.6

sImgpv

0.1

[mXpehW

0.3

\mcv    

1.1

APw

11.8

Imkyw

0.01

t^mkv^dkv

0.02

Ccpv

0.3

hnman-F

4800 bqWnv/100 {Kmw

hnman-_n

40 an.{Kmw /100 {Kmw

\ntmn\nv BknUv

0.3 ,, 

hnman-kn          

13 ,,

]ambn SmSmdnIv Aw. kn{SnIv Aw, amenIv Aw, shffw, skptemkv XpSnbh ASnbncnpp.  amhv Hcp Huj[^ehramsWp ]dbpXn sXn.  ambpw ammbWvSnbpw Cebpw ]qhpw Hs Huj[tbmKyamb `mK Xs.

]gpamhne sImWvSp]ptXm
]pgp ]pw \hcXv\amIpw

F CucSn CXn\v Da ZrjvSmamWv.  Cpw F{Xtbm aebmfnI hneIqSnb Sqvt]pIfpw ]smSnIfpw auv hmjpIfpw Hsbpt]nNnv amhne sImWvSv ]v tXbvpp.  A{Xam{Xw alcamWv AXns Z[mh\tijn.

amhnsbpw ambpsSbpw Huj[KpW F{X ]dmepw A[nIamIpIbn.  icocw apgph thZ\ tXmptm ]gp amhne Cp Xnfn shffn tZlw IgpIpXp \XmWv.  amhn Xfn cmhnse Ignm kzcam[pcyapWvSmIpw.  amqhv DWn Ijmbw htm s]mSntm tkhnm hbdnfn\v Ipdhp hcpw.  amp s]mSnv AXns ]pItbm sImXpIpI AIpt]mIpw.

amhne Inv ]pI izknpXv sXmWvStcmKn\v Huj[amWv.  amhne InpInp Nmcw ]pcppXv Xosmffen\v DaNnInbmWv. amhns Iqne DWnsmSnp tkhnpXp {]taln\v Huj[amWv.   

am ]dnbpSs\ Inp Id tXfp IpnbnSp ]pcnbm thZ\ s]sp Ipdbpw.  Inam DWn tamcn thhnv AcsSpp IpnIġp sImSpm AXnkmcw ianpw.  sNn\pw N tcmKġpw ]am ^ehmb Huj[amWv.   

ambpsS Ign \ntm sXmenbn \ntm FSpp \ocv sXmWvS tcmKġv D]tbmKnpp. ambpsSbpw AXns sXmenbpsSbpw \ocv IpSense t\ Nn\p _ew \Ipw.  ammbWvSnbpsS ]cnns \ocv \kyw sNbvXm aqn \npff c{kmhw, ianpw, ]cnn\v IranIsf \innm\pff inbpWvSv.  ambWvSncnv DWnsmSnv tX tNp \IpXv AXnkmcn\v Huj[amWv. 

amgamIs k]vX[mXpsfbpw t]mjnnphm ]cym]vXamWv Fv Fm sshZy{K٧fnepw ]dbpp.  oWw, hnf, ae_w Fo AhIfn amgw \ Hcmlmcw IqSnbmWv.  imcocnIhfbvpw amgw AXypaamWv.

amhv-kkyimkv{Xw
         \apv hfsc kp]cnNnX\mb Iipamhns IpSp_mc XsbmWv amhpw.  A\mImUntbkn FmWv IpSpw_tcv.  kky\maamIs amPns^d CUn. 

[mcmfw imtJm]imJItfmSp IqSn ]Sp hfcp Hcp \nXylcnXhrw Fv amhns\ hntijnnmw.  NnpIfpsS AmWv amqhpWvSmIpXv.  ]qhv IpeIfmbn  DWvSmIpp.  Hcp ]qpebn Ggmbnctmfw ]qfpWvSmImw.  Hcp ]qpebnse ]qsfmw Hn hnScpXv.  hfcptmįs BZyapWvSmb ]q hnScm\mcw`npw.

cmhnse 6 aWn apX¡mWv amqhv hnScpI. CXv Nne Lfn sshIptcw hsc XpScm\pw aXn.  Hcp ]qsamv hnSp XpSnbm GXmWvSv Hcp aWnq sImWvSp am{Xta apgph\mbpw hnSp Ignbq.  amqhns hfbpw Imbv]nSnhpw Hs Cpw kkyimkv{Xn\v ]qambpw hgm kakyIfmWv.  AsXpdnv ]nmse ]dbmw. 

henb IpSpw_w - [mcmfw AwK   
        amhpI F{Xbn\apWvSv Fp tNmZnm s]ssmcpcw ]dbm {]bmkamWv.  Gnepw Hcp Imcyw kXyw
- hyXykvX kz`mhapff Bbncntesd C\w amhpI Cybn am{Xw DWvSv.  Chsbms ImbnI{]h[\apdI hgn hfnsbSphbpsS IWmWv.  Fm hnpapfpWvSmb acfpsS IWv tcJIfnsempan.  F{Xtbm sshhn[yam C\ As\bpw kzm`mhnIambn hfnpWvSmhmw.   

]ghfnse hn.sF.]n. BbXn\m amhv FhnsSsbms hfncppthm AhnsSsbms {]tXyI emf\bpw ]cnNcWhpw e`nncpp FXv {]tXyIw FSpp]dtbWvS ImcyamWv.  amgn\v t]cp \IpXnepw Hmtcm ehmknIfpw IqSpX Xmev]cyw ImWnncpp.  Nne amgn\v etcpI \Inbtm apNne cmPmmcpsS Xs t]cp \In, \ndw, cpNn, Kw Fnhsb ASnm\amn amhpIġv Hma\tcpI \InbnpWvSv.  Cs\ htm Hcp sNdnb Bibpgw IqsS DWvSmbn - Htc C\ns amhn\p Xs ]e efn ]e t]cpIfmWv \InbncnpXv.  AXpt]mse Htc t]cn hyXy C\ AdnbsSp kw`hhpapWvSv. CXns\ms ]pdta \mmcpsS Hma\Ifmbn amdn \mS t]cpI Icamnb  F{Xtbm amhpI DWvSv.  Chsbsbms Hcp Xcnepff Xcw Xncnen\pw hnt[bamm Ignnn FXmWv ]cmaw.  am{Xhpa AXv A{X Ffphpa. 

tIcfn hfm tbmPn amhn\sf IqSpX ASpdnbpXv Cubhkcn \mbncnpw. 

Htfmcv
tIcfntXv Fp]dbmhp Hcn\wamhmWv Htfm. tImgntmSv PnbmWv Htfm amgns tI{w.  s^{_phcn - amn ]gpm XpSpp FXv Htfm amgns Hcp {]tXyIXbpamWv.  AXpsImWvSv Dtcy hn]Wnbn Htfm amgn\v Bcm[I GsdbmWv.  am{Xhpa amn BZyw hsp C\hpw CXpXs.  As\bpw Htfmdn\v Bhiym [mcfapWvSv.  hnp ssXI \mepw amXrhrns KpW Gsdptd {]ISamphm Htfmdn\v IgnbmdpWvSv. Gm hjhpw \ hnfhp Xcpw.  CXns ]g CScw henapffXpw apbpsS BIrXnbpffXpamWv.  Igv arZphpw sNdnb tXmXn \mcpffXpamWv.  amgn\v Sss\ns t\cnb KapWvSv.    

Beq _\nj
B{, tIcfw, Xangv\mSv Fo kwm\fn hym]Iambn Irjn sNp C\amWv Beq _\nj.  B{{]tZinse Beq Fpt]cmb {Kman \nmhmw CXns Dhw FpIcpXpp.   t\ sXmenbpw \mcns Awianm Ddpff Igpw henb amghpamWv Cu C\ns {]tXyIXI.  BIjIamb cpNnbpw aWhpapWvSv.  IqSpX \m tISmImsX  kqnpw hbvmw.  C{Xbpw KpWfhImisSptm Hcp sNdnb Ipdhv Cu C\n\pWvSv - hnfhv XmcXtay\ Ipdhmbncnpw.

\oew

ZntWybnse Ghpw {][m\s C\w Fv \oespdnp ]dbmw.  hne]nSn \oens HmbvmbnmWv Cu C\n\v \oew Fpt]cnncnpXv.  tIcfnse Cuapff Imembn \oew \mbn hfcpw.  Xangv\mnemWv \oens P\\w. Gsd\m tISmImsX kqnp hbvm Ignbpw.  Xangv\mnse Nne efn \oen\v ImPmeUp Fpw t]cpWvSv.  CScw henamWv \oen\v. \mcnmv Igv DdpffXpw a[pchpw aWhpw DffXpamWv.  [mcmfw ]gmdpw Inpw.  \oen\pw DWvSv Hcp tZmjw - Aev]w  sshIn am{Xta am aqpIbpffq.  

_mwtmd
XpWvSp t]mse hfcq]amWv _mwtmd amgn\v.  karambn Imbvp kz`mhamWnXn\v.  ZntWybn hfsc t]scSp Hcp hmWnPy C\w IqSnbmWnXv.  kz \ndapff amgn\v CScw henamWv.  Igv DdpffXpw \mcnmXpw sNdnb ]pfnaWapffXpamWv.  AXna[pchpan.  tISpIqSmsX Iptd\m kqnmw. 

]nbdn        
tIcfn P\{]oXn t\Snb Hcn\amWv ]nbdn \Sime, ]o Fns\bpw t]cpIfpWvSv.  ]nbdnv \ hmWnPy{][m\yapWvSv. Cuapff ImemhbmWv CXnt\hpw A\ptbmPyw.  ISp Hmdpw \ndapff ]g BIjIamWv.  amgn\v CScw henw.  \mcnm arZphmb Igv.  \ a[pcw.  karambn hnfhp Xcpw.   

IemSn
IpeIpebmbn am ]nSnp Hcn\amWv IemSn. tIcfn \ {]NmcapWvSv.  ImtemSv, In\oew Fsms t]cpIfpWvSv.  sNdnb amgw, a[pchpw Ddpw \mcnmXpamb Igv. acw A[nIw Dbcn hfcn.  sXn tXmpIfn CShnfbmbn hfm \v. 

apWvS   
ImSIn \nsnb C\amWv apWvS.  henb amgw.  Ddpff Igv.  \ a[pcapWvSv.  \mcn, hnfhp Ipdbpw, am{Xa kokWn sshIn am{Xta ImbvpIbpffq. 

atKmh

Gsd t]scSp C\w.  \ {]Nmchpw hmWnPy {]m[m\yhpapWvSv.  henb amgw.  AXna[pchpw kpKhpw \mcnmXpw DdpffXpamb Igv.  sshIntb aqspIbpffq.  Imbv]nSnhpw XmcXtay\ Ipdhv.   

kphWtcJ
t]cp kqNnnpXpt]mse hfsc BIjhpw a[pchpapff amgw. tISmImsX Iptd\m kqnpw hbvmw.  kok XpSptmįs ImbvppshXv kphtcJbpsS hmWnPy{]m[m\ys h[nnpp.  tIcfn CXv \mbn hfcpw.  Imbv ]nSnpIbpw sNpw.

lnambpo

hnfhv sXp Ipdbpsanepw kzmZnjvSamb amgw - AXmWv lnambpo C\ns {]tXyIX.  Igv DdpffXpw \mcnmXpw BkzmZyIcamb kpKapffXpamWv.  Camw ]kv, lamw Fsms t]cpIfpWvSv.  amghpw hepXmWv.   

PlmwKo   
PlmKodpw lnambpos\tmse Xs a[pcamWv.  hnfhn Ipdp ]nnemWv.  ]gn \mcn. 

At^mtkm   
Cybn IhSns\nb t]mp{KokpImcmWv At^mtkm amhv \mSmsI {]NcnnXv.  \psS \mn CXn\v \ {]Nmcw InpIbpw sNbvXp.  \mbn ImbvpIbpw sNpw.  amgn\v CScw henhpw a \ndhpamWv.  \ a[pcapff Igv DdpffXpw \mcnmXpamWv.  karambn Imbvpw.  amgw tISmImsX aqmgvN hsc kqnp hbvmw.  AXpsImWvSv Ibn Abbvm\pw kwkvIcWn\pw Hs At^mtkm hym]Iambn D]tbmKnp hcpp.  hfsc hmWnPy {]m[m\yapff Hcp C\w IqSnbmWnXv.

Ztjcn  
Dtcybnse hmWnPy{]m[m\yapff Hcn\amWv Ztjcn amgw sNdpXv.  a[pcapff \mcnm Igv.  \mbn ImbvpIbpw sNpw.   

_\ffn   
henb amgw, t\ sXmen, kz \ndw
- _\ffnbpsS {]tXyIXIfmWnhsbms.  B{bnepw Xangv\mnepamWv CXn\v hmWnPy {]m[m\yw. Ign\v \ Ddpw a[pchpapWvSv.  \mcn.  kpKapWvSv.  hcWvS Imemhbnepw CXv \mbn hfcpw. 

kc C\   
IY CsXmssbnepw tIcfntXv Fp]dbmhp Hcp anIbn\w amhv \apntm C.  Fm ap ]e kwm\ġpw AhchcptSXmb amhn\fpWvSv.  almcmjv{SbpsS At^mtkmbpw Xangv\mnse \oehpw ImSIbnse apWvSbpw Hs CXn\v Nne DZmlcW BWv.  Nne \mS amhpI ]tWvSbvp ]tWvS \psS \mn t]scSpncpp FXv kXyw.  aqhmWvS\pw AmWvS\pw tImptmWhpw N{mc\pw Htfmdpw Hs \psS ssPhkns `mKsanepw Chsbmpw Xs DNnXamb ImbnI {]h[\apdIfnepsS KpWta \ne \ndpnsmWvSp Xs hnnphm Imcyamb {iasfmpw \Snn.  ChnsSbmWv tIcfnse khntijImembvnWnb Nne amhn\ DXv]mZnnphm\pff {iaġv XpSw IpdnXv.CXn\mbn [mcmfw kcbn\ ]T\hnt[bamn.  CXn\nv \msew tIcfn\v \XmsWv ip]mibpw sNbvXp.  Chsbpdnp IqSn t\mmw.

kcw 45   
s_v At^mtkm, lnambpo Fo C\fpsS kckXnbmWv kcw
45 amgn\v lnambpos cq]amWv.  Igv \mcnmXpw ZrVhpw a[pcapffXpamWv.  \ hnfhpw Xcpw.  amgw Fsd\m tISmImsX kqnphbvmw.

kcw 56         
s_v At^mtkmbpw lnambpo\pw Xnepff kcns asmcp kXnbmWv kcw
56. amgw IWvSm At^mtkm t]mencnpw.  Fm a[pcn lnambpos\ ISnshpw.  Igv ZrVhpw \mcnmXpamWv.  \mbn ImbvpIbpw sNpw. 

kcw 87   
IemSn
- Beq _\nj Fo C\ Xn kcWw \SptmgmWm. kcw-87 InpXv.  amgn\v henw Ipdhv. a[pcapWvSv.  tISmImsX kqnp hbvmw.  \mbn Imbvpw.

kcw 151   
IemSnbpw \oehpw Xnepff kckXnbmWv kcw
-151.  ImgvNbvv \oew t]mencnpsanepw KpWn IemSntbmSmWp kmayw.  Xosc sNdnb amgw.  \mbn ImbvpIbpw sNpw.

ssXpWvSmm hnhn[ coXnI   
]WvSp]tWvS \psS \mn amhpI hfcpXv ammbWvSn (hnv) hoWp apfmWv.  Ccn F{Xtbm ew amhpI \mSns \m\m`mKfnepw hfncnpp.  Cs\ hnpapfphcp ssXIġv Hcp tZmjapWvSv
- amXrhrns Fm kZvKpWfpw ]pXnb ssXn IWvSpsImffWsan.  am{Xhpa Ch Nnetm Xopw KpWIcam kz`mh {]ISnnpbpw sNpw.   

hnfh[\ eyanSptm Ccw ssXIġv henb {]knbn Fp ]dtbWvSXntm.  ChnsSbmWv \app thWvS kZvKpWfpff \ C\sf Hn ({Km^vnMv) F coXnbneqsS DXv]mZnnpXns {]m[m\yw.  Chsb BWv HpssXI ({Km^vpI) Fp]dbpXpw.

Hn ]e XcnepWvSv.   Fnepw Hnen\v XmsdSppXn\v Nne {]mYanI LSIfpWvSv.  \ hnp sXcsSpWw, AXv thWvShn[w ]mIWw, tmv ssXI Hnens\mcpWw. Chsbms khntij{iblnp kwKXnIfpamWv. AXn\m Chsbpdnv hniZambn a\nemtWvSnbncnpp.

hnpKpWw, ]pKpWw   

\ henhpw BtcmKyhpapff hnp (ammbWvSn) Ifn \npthWw tmpssXIfpWvSmphm.  ssXI \ IcptmsS hfcphbpw XWvSn\v sXpw hfhnmXpambncnWw.  Xmt\ apfphcp ssXIfpw IcppffXmsWn tmpssX BsbSpmw.  Cs\bmIptm Ch Cfw XWvSnsbpw CebpsSbpw \ndw amdpXn\p ap]p Xs \gvkdnIfntebvv amn \v {]tXyI ]cnNcWw \IWw.  tmv ssXI \gvkdnbn \Sptm Ah Xn 15 skn ao CSbIew thWw. 

C\n \bn\w hnpI tiJcnv sabv-Pq amkn NmWItam Itmtm tNv {]tXyIw Xmdmnb hmcfn ]mIn apfnp ]XnhpapWvSv.  Ccw hmcġv 1 -1.500 ao hoXnbpw 15 sknao Dbchpw kuIcy{]Zamb \ofhpw BImw.  hnpI Xn 15 sknao CSbIew \IWw. hcnI Xn 30 skoaodpw.  aqmgvN  sImWvSv hnpapfbvpw.

Cs\ apfphcp ssXIġmWv tmv ssXI Fp]dbmdv.  Ch Hcp hjw {]mbamIptm Hnens\Sppw.  Atmtgbvpw ssXbvv 50 sknao Dbchpw Hcp skoao I\hpapWvSmbncnpw.

ASp Lw tmv ssXI sNdnb NnIfnempI FXmWv.  Hnen\pff kuIcyw IqSn IWmnbmWns\ sNpXv.  20 skoao hmhapff NnIfmWv CXn\p \Xv.  Nnbn av, NmWIsmSn, aW Fnh 2:1:1 F A\p]mXn Ienb t]mnMv an{inXw ]IpXn \ndbvWw.  Fnv hmcn \nv thcpIġv tISp]msX {im]qw CfnsbSpp amhnssX Nnbn a[yn \v Nppw aan Ddnpp.  \mbn \\p sImSppIbpw thWw.

Cs\ Nnbntebvv Cfn\ ssXI XWep hv ]cn]menWw.  CSbvnsS NmWIw Ien ssXphnsemgnp sImSppXv AhbpsS Icptdnb hfbvv klmbnpw.

ssXIġv ]pXnb XfncneI hcm XpSnbm Ah Hnm ]mIambn Fp IcpXmw.

]pXnb amhnssX Xmdmphm\pff {][m\ Hn coXnIfmWv hiw tNsmn, Cfw ssXbnsemn, ]miz Hn Fnh.  Chsbpdnv IqSpXednncpm \app Xs kzbw \ HpamhnssX DWvSmmhptXbpffq.  

(F) hiw tNv Hn (At{]mv {Km^vnMv)
        Hpamhn ssXIfpWvSmm Ghpw {]Nmcw t\Snb ImbnI {]h[\coXnbmWv hiwtNsmn.  CXn\v C\mnMv Fpw ]dbpw.  t\cs \phfnb tmp ssX, ktbm acn\Spv sImWvSpt]mbn sXcsSp Ipambn HnpIbmWp sNpXv.  

t\cs kqNnnXpt]mse s]kn I\apff tmv ssX BWv Hnm\p]tbmKnpI.  ktbm acns IpI Xmgvv InSpIbmsWn NnI \nephpXs Hnmw.  apIfntebvpff IpIfnemWv HntWvSsXn XpI sIn AXn tmpssX hv HntWvSnhcpw

  • Hnp hn[w :-

 tmp ssXn a\ncn \nv 10-15 skoao Dbcn 6-7 skoao \ofn A¸w sXmen XSntbmSpIqSn sNn ampI.  ktbm Inepw A{K`mKp \nv 15-20 skoao Xmsgbmbn  tmp ssXnepWvSmnb A{X Xs \ofhpw hoXnbpw XmgvNbpapff apdnhpWvSmpI. cWvSp apdnhpIfpWvSmpXpw hfsc \ncmbpw an\pkambpw thWw.  Fm am{Xta Ch Hnm\mbn tNphbvptm CSbn hnShpWvSmImXncnpIbpffq.  C\n apdnhpI cWvSpw tNv NWb sImWvSv \mbn hcnpsImpp.  Fnv sImn\p aosX sagpIp XpWntbm mnIv dn_tWm sImWvSv s]mXnbpp.

HpssXbvv Bhiyn\p \\bvm adcpXv.  FXmWvSv 3-3.500 amks hfbmIptm HpssX amXrhrn \np thsSpmw.  HhWbmbn apdnp thsSpm ]mSn.  ctWvSm aqtm {]mhiyw Iptds apdnhp sImSpv AXn\v {ItaW Bgw Iqn thWw HpssX thsSpn FSphm.  CXn\v Hnp cWvSpamkw Ignbptm Hpknp Nphnembn ktbm Inepw, apIfnembn tmp ssXbnepw hn BIrXnbn apdnhpWvSmWw.  Hcp amkw Ignv Cu apdnhv IpdpIqSn XmgvNbnemWw. cWvSmgvNbpw IqSn Ignv apdnhv Hcn¡qSn Xmgvptmtgpw ths]Spepw Ignbpw.  

apdnsSp Hp ssXI XWep hbvWw. \\bvpIbpw thWw. Hnv icnbmsbn Hcpamkw sImWvSv ]pXnb XfnpI hcpw Atm XWen \nv ssX Xpdmb etbvp \on hbvmw. Hn icnbmIm ssXI DWntmIpIbpw sNpw. 

tm {Km^vnMv
         Ctm Hpamhn ssXI DWvSmphm hfsc {]Nmcw e`np Ign Hcp coXnbmWv tm {Km^nMv.  

ctWvSm aqtm BgvN am{Xw {]mbapff ssXIfnemWv ChnsS Hn \SpXv. XWvSnsbpw  CebptSbpw sNpIe \ndw amdpXn\v apv Hn \SpIbpw thWw. Cfw ssXmbXn\m hfsc kqaXtbmsS HnWw.  

tmv ssXbpsS Xev GItZiw 10 skoao Dbcn hv apdnv  \opp. apdn `mKp \nv GXmWvSv 3-4 skdoao \ofn XWvSns a[y`mKp IqsS t\sc Xmtgv Hcp ]nfpWvSmIpp.  

CtX I\nepff  ktbm IpXs amXrhrn \np apdnsSppIbpw thWw. Cu Iv apdnsSppXn\p apv Xep \np Xmtgp 10 skoao \ofn CeI apdnp \oWw. sRns sNdnbIjWw \nn thWw CeI apdnm. Cu Ins NphSp`mKv cWvSphifnepambn 3-4 skoao \ofn Ncnv sNn Bns BIrXnbnempp. tmv ssXbnepWvSmnb ]nfntev Bpt]mepff `mKw ISpp. Fnv t]mfoo IjWw sImWvSv Hn `mKw hcnp sIpp.  CXp XWep hv \\bvpp Hn hnPbnpshn ktbm In aqmgvN sImWvSv  XfncpI hcpw. Atm Btdm amks hf sImWvSv Ch amn \SIbpw sNmw. hfsc Ipdp kabw sImWvSv hnPbIcambn sNmw FXmWv tm {Km^vnMns khntijX  

]miz Hn  
        GItZiw Hcp hjw {]mbapff s]kn I\nepff tmv ssXIfmWv ]miz Hnen\v D]tbmKnpXv. \mbn hfcp  Ac skoao I\apff Ip thWw ktbm Imbn XncsSpphm. Iv, amXrhrn \np apdnsSppXn\v apmbn  Xep \nv Xmtgv
10 skoao \ofn CeI \ow sNpp. Cs\ sNptm  CesRns Hcp sNdnbIjWw \nnthWw Ce \ow sNm. Iv \ow sNbvXv AXns Iogv`mKv Hcp hiv 21/2 apX 4 skoao hscbpw FXnhiv Hcp skoao \ofn Ncnv sNn Bns BIrXnbn Bpp. CtXmsSmw tmp ssXnepw  A\ptbmPyamb Hcp  apdnhpWvSmWw. ssXpsS Nphn \nv 15 skoao  Dbcn XWvSns ]IpXn `mKw hsc Fhn[w Xmtgp Ncnv 21/2 apX 4 skoao  hsc \ofn thWw apdnhpWvSmphm. Bns BIrXnbn Aw sNnb ktbm Inembmepw DWvSmIp apdnhv sXpw NXhnmXpw an\pkhpambncnWw. Fn am{Xta Hn icnbmIpIbpffp. ktbm, tmn ISngnv Nmq\qep sImtWvSm sagpIpXpWn sImtWvSm hcnpsIWw. Hcp amkw Ignv HpknbpsS 2 skoao apIfn hv tmns apI `mKw apdnp Ifbpp. aqpamkw sImWvSv ktbm Iv hfcm XpSpw.  

apw Imemhbpw
        amhv DjvWtaJem  ^ehramWv. hnhn[ Imemh {]tZifn CXv \mbn hfcpIbpw ImbvpIbpw sNpw. agtbm Asæn PetkN\kuIcytam DsWvSnte amhn\v icnbmb hfbpWvSmIpIbpffp.
200 skoaodne[nIw ag e`np {]tZifn amhv Imcyambn hfcpp.BsI e`np agtbm {][m\w agbpsS Xpeyamb hnXcWamWv. {][m\w agbpsS Xpeyamb hnXcW Fnepw amhv ]qhnSpXp apX hnfshSpp IgnbpXphsc  agbnmXncnpIbmWv.  Daw ]qp kabv agbpWvSmbm AXv Imbv ]nSns {]XnIqeambn _m[npw. ]q sImgnbm\pw ]cmKWw icnbmbn \SmXncnImI\pw CXpImcWamIpw. Nnebhkcfn ag ]pjv]n sshInpXn\pw ImcWamIppWvSv. agmdpff Ahkcn ]q Icnpt]mIpXpw km[mcWamWv. AXpt]mse Xs I\v agbpff {]tZifn s]mXpsh amhn\v tcmK- IoS_m[I  IqSpXembncnpIbpw sNpw. am hnfbptmgmWv ag hogpsXn amgns KpWs AXv {]XnIqeambn _m[npw. Hcp ]s tIcfnse amgrjnsb Aep {][m\ {]iv\hpw Cu ASnm\pff agbmWv Fp ]dbmw. am aqmdmIptm s]p ag ]e {]iv\ġpw hgnhbvpp.