Xncnv

      FenbptSbpw ]nbptSbpw ]v


 
      \mw D]mZnnp `y[m\yfn hensbmcp ]v XnsmSppXpaqew FenI ImjnI hnfIġv henb `oWnbmbn XoncnpIbmWv.  Fenieyw aqew hfsc {][m\amb IrjnI amn A{][m\amb IrjnI sNpXn\v IjI \n_\v[nX\mbnocpp.  hyXykvX kmlNcyfn tIcfn hnhn[ C\w FenIsf IWvSphcpp.  `mcXn
52 hns 118 C\fne[nIw FenI DsWvSmWv imkv{X]T\w sXfnbnpXv.  km[mcW ImWp FenI hosen, NpsWvSen, Isen, \osen, Xpc, shsen, s]cpmgn FnhbmWv. 

  FenI kZm \psS Npp]mSpw PohnpXpsImWvSv a\pjycpsS Ne\fpw \ofpw Ch IWvSp a\nempXpaqew Chsb \innpI {]bmkap ImcyamWv.  Fen \nb{W am ^e{]ZamIWsan Ah Hs coXnbnemsX kwLSnXhpw ka{Khpw klIcWmSnm\nepXpamb ]cn]mSnIfmbns \SnemtWvSXmWv.     

  • Fen \nb{W am      

FenIsf {][m\ambn cWvSp Xcn \innmw.

  1. sIWnI D]tbmKnpw 

  2. cmkhkvXp D]tbmKnpw     

  • sIWnI      

sIWnI cWvSp XcnepWvSv.     

  1. FenIsf Poht\msS ]nSnpI (Live trap)      

  2. FenIsf sImp ]nSnpI (Kill trap)    

        sIWnI D]tbmKnv FenIsf ]nSnpXnep Hcp {][m\ Zpjy^ew sIWnIfn hoW FenIsf ap FenI ImWm CSbmbm Ah As\bp sIWnIfn Ibdm sshapJyw ImWnpw FXmWv.   

        FensWnI ]eXcn Cv e`yamWv.  Ch FeneI, Fenhnv, Fenmbw, aNnsImWvSp FensWn FnhbmWv.  FensWnI hv FenIsf BIjnm DWakyw, tXmjWw, aco\n Fnh D]tbmKnmw.

  • cmkhkvXp D]tbmKnp Fen\nb{Ww

        aqpXcnep cmkhkvXpfmWv km[mcW D]tbmKnmdv.

1.  hfsc thKw {]hnp hnjw   

        DZm :  knv t^mkvss^Uv     

        Ch aWnqdpIġIw amcI^ew Dfhmm sI]phbmWv.  icocn\pn sNptm t^mkv^o F hmXIw ]pdtv hnSpp.  Ch InUv\n, Ic, izmkIpg Fnhbn {]hnpIbpw s]sp acWw kw`hnpIbpw sNpw.  hnjw IenhbvpXn\papv Blmckm[\ am{Xw cWvSpZnhkw XpSbmbn hbvpIbpw XpSp hnj`Ww Xmdmn ncambn FenI kcnp amfn hbvtWvSXpamWv.

hnj`Ww Xmdmp hn[w

        tKmXv, \pdpcn, DWakyw, DW Chbn GsXnepw Hv 96 {Kmw, F 2 {Kmw, hnjw 2 {Kmw, FenI ncambn hcp `mKfn hbvWw.  Hcp ev 30-40 {Kmw hnjhkvXp aXn.

2.  kmh[m\n {]hnp hnjw        

        Cu hnj ]e Znhk sImtWvS amcI^eapfhmpIbpp.  Ch km[mcW cw In]nSnpXns\ XSsSpphbmWv.  hnjw _m[n FenI \nebvm c {]hmlw aqew acWaSbpp.  Ch a\pjy\pw ap hfparKġpw tZmjw sNn.

        hm^mdn, tdmUm^mdn Fnh CXn\p DZmlcWfmWv.

hnj`Ww Xmdmp hn[w

        `W km[\w    -  90 {Kmw
       
ic       -        
3 {Kmw
       
F   -               
2 {Kmw
       
hnjw  -               
5 {Kmw        

        CXn\p ]pdta Fen hnjw F t]cn Cv At\Iw cmkhkvXp hn]Wnbn e`yamWv.  apjvapjv, dmpan Fnh Cu Iqn  s]Spp.

3.  [qaI IoS\min\nI   

        ]eXcnep [qaI IoS\min\nI DWvSv.  CXn hfsc ^e{]Zamb HmWv Aepan\nbw t^mkvss^Uv.  CXv KpfnI cq]n Inpw.  Fenamffn Ch \nt]nv amf \mbn ASbvWw. 

        IqSmsX Fenamf IWvSp]nSnv ]pIbvpI, ]e Xcnep sIWnI D]tbmKnv FenIsf ]nSnpI, cmkhkvXp D]tbmKnv \innpI Fo am kwtbmPnnp sImWvSp Hcp kwLSnX{iaw sImWvSv am{Xta ^e{]Zamb Fen \nb{Ww kmyamIpIbpq.

  • IoS\nb{Wn ]nIfpsS ]v   

        ImjnI D]mZ\s {]XnIqeambn _m[np GsXmcp LSIn\pw  A\ptbmPyamb {]Xntcm[ \S]Sn IqSntb Xocq.  Cqn FenI Ignm Ghpw {]m[m\yalnp \sp Pph IoSamWv ]nI.  ]nI Irjnbn KpWIchpw tZmjIchpamb ]p hlnppWvSv.  AXn\m ChbpsS Bhmk hyh, {]P\\w, Pohimkv{Xw, Irjnbnep ]v Fnh {]Xn]mZnp imkv{Xn\v ImjnI ]nimkv{Xn henb m\amWpXv.                       

]nI - hnfIfpsS i{XpIoSw         

  • hnf\jvSw     

        IrjnbpsS hnhn[ Lfn hnf\jvSw DWvSmmw.  hnv hnXtijw ]nI sImn FSppw sNdnb ssXI ]ngpXv Ifpw \jvSw hcmw.  am{X ]qġpw ImbvIġpw \miapWvSmpIbpw sNpw.

        ]nIfpsS FqSpX, AhbpsS icocimkv{X]camb {]tXyIX, av `y hkvXpfpsS e`yX, ]cnX:nXn Fnhsb B{ibnv ]nI hcpp hnf\jvSw  Gdnbpw Ipdpw hcmw. 

  • \nb{W am       

        ]nIfpsS \nb{W am ]cnnXnbpsS kpenXmhsb _m[nbvm coXnbnepXpw efnXhpw {]mtbmKnIhpw amcIamXpambncnWw.

  1. Nne hnep ]nIsf \nb{nbvm shSns]mp t]mep i_vZ thWvSnhcpw.  Fm Ch a\pjyhmkap CSfn {]mtbmKnIa.  am{Xa, an ]n C\fpw Ipsd Ignm Ccw i_vZfpambn s]mcpsSpIbpw Cu  coXn ^ehmXmIpIbpw sNpw.  

  2. Hmtcm C\w ]nIġpw tbmPn ]cn{`annp i_vZ sdtmUv sNbvXv tIĸnbvpI hgn 80% ]nIsfbpw \nb{nbvmw.

  3. Cc ]nSnp Xnp av ]nIfpsS IpI t]mep Ipp _eq DuXnhonXpw \ndap sImSnbpw, mkv ]pIfpw ]nIsf AIn \nm D]bpamWv. 

  4. Hcp hip Nphp \ndhpw adphip shn \ndhpw D \mSI hbens IpdpsI henpsIpXv Nne ]nIsf AIn \nm klmbnpw.  

  5. ssXdmw, s_XtbmIm_v, ametbm apXemb IoS\min\nI XfnbvpXp hgn ]nIsf AIn \nmw.  

apIfn hnhcnncnpXv ]nIsf \nb{nm\p]tbmKnbvmhp Nne amfmWv.  Chbn Hpam{Xw D]tbmKnm \nb{Ww ^ehmIn.  AXn\m ctWvSm AXne[nItam am D]tbmKnp kwtbmPnX IoS\nb{W ssienbmIpw IqSpX {]tbmP\{]Zw.

]dnIfn ]nIfpsS ieyhpw AhbpsS \nb{Whpw

        tIcfn tdmkv hfbap ]mcmIov (knmpe {Imtadn) F ]nbmWv ]dnIsf apJyambn B{IanbvpXv.  ASp {][m\ i{Xp henb ] _ms_mWv  (saKmsebvam sskem\n).  Ch AXncmhnsebpw sshIptcfnepamWv IrjnbnSn hcmdpXv.

  • tdmkv hfbap ]mcmIov.                               

        tdmkv hfbap ]mcmIov A\h[n hnfIsf B{IanbvmdpWvSv.  CXv h]bdns aWnI apgph sImn Xnpp.  sNSnbn \npw tXmtSmSpIqSn ]bdv sImn ASpp acfn t]mbncpv aWnI sImn XnpIbmWv ]Xnhv.  Hcp aWn t]mepw ]mgmmsX CXv sImn XnmdpWvSv.      

  • \oe NndIp ]mcmIov          

        \oe NndIp ]mcmIov (knmpe sImftmbnUvkv) sNSnbn Xs Ccpv IqSpX ]bdns\ \innmdpWvSv.  aqsnb aWnI XncsSpm\mbn Ch IqSpX Fs \innpp.  tImh, ]mh, ]Shew, shWvS Fnhtbbpw Ch B{IanmdpWvSv.

  • henb ] _ms_v                                   

        henb ] _ms_v ]mhenepw, tImhenepw, ]Shenepw hfbpsS Fm Lnepw hn \mi\jvSw hcpmdpWvSv.  hnn\mbn \nnbncnbvp ImbbpsS Fm AcnIpIfpw Ch sImn \innpp.

        ImbvI ISemkpsImWvSv s]mXnp kqnpw, Xnfap \mSI sInbpw Ccw ]nIsf \nb{nmw.  s]mXnncnp ImbvI ]nIfpsS ZrjvSnbn s]SmXncnbvpXn\m Chsb B{IanbvpIbn.  am{Xa, ]nIsf hncn HmSnpXnt\m efnXhpamWv.  Fm ImbvIfpw s]mXntbWvS Imcyan, B{Ianm\nSbp {]tZiph am{Xw s]mXnm aXn. 
      
Xnfap, \mS t]mfn s{]mnen sImWvSpXpw, Hcp `mKw Nphpw Hcp `mKw shn \ndtmSp IqSnbXpamWv.  Hmtcm \mSbpw
10-15 ao \ofn apdnbvmw.  Htcdn 25-30 \mSI sNSnbn \nv HcSn s]mn apfw XqWpIfn sXv hSmbn \mWw.  \mSI sNdpXmbn ]ncnv NppXphgn kqcy{]Imiw Znhkw apgph {]Xn^ennbvpw.  \mSI Xnep AIew 5 apX 8 ao hscbmbncnpw.  \mSbn \npWvSmIp i_vZhpw Xnfhpw ]nIsf hncn HmSnpp.   

  • ]nI D]ImcnI

        Nne ]nIfpsS {]h\w hnfem`w DWvSmphm\nSbmpXn\m Ahsb D]ImcnI Fv ]dbpp.  Hcp ]nsb \apv Xopw D]{ZhImcnsbtm, D]Imcnsbtm ]dbm\mhn.   CXv {]mbw, {]P\\w, nXn, Imemh, av `yhkvXpfpsS e`yX Fnhsb B{ibnncnpw.  Cs\ ImemhbpsS ASnm\n Hcp kabv D]{ZhImcnbmb ]n asmcp kabv D]ImcnbmImw.  AXpt]mse Hcp kabv D]Imcnbmb ]n asmchkcn D]{ZhImcnbpamImw.

        1335 Imew apXt IoS\nb{Wn ]nIġp ]v AwKoIcnsnpXmWv.  kqdnv, kznvkemUv apXemb CSense A[nImcnI IoSfpsS i{Xq F \nebn ]nIsf kwcnbvm\p \nbahpw CdnbnpWvSv.  ]nIsf D]tbmKnp IoS\nb{Wn\v asmcpZmlcWamWv audojyknse Nph s\mamUm{Inkv sk]vnwtmkntb F IoSs \nb{nbvm\mbn Cybn \nv Cy ssa\sb(A{IntUmXndkv {Snnkns\) sImWvSpt]mbXv.

  • ]dnbpsS IoSsf Xnp ]nI

        Imn FKvsdv (_m_pIkv C_nkv) sNdp{]mWnIsf am{Xw Xnp PohnbmWv Hcp Imn FKvsdv GItZiw 51 shfp ]pgpsf Ccp]Xv an\nn\pn Xnp Xopw.  CXv slentbmXnkv BansPd F IoStbpw \nb{nbvpw.

        ]p¨mSn, NohoSv, hWvSpI, sh ]pgp, NnXepI Fnhsb Cy ssa\ (A{IntUmXodkv {Snokv) Blcnbvpp.  hoSpIfn km[mcW ImWmdp IpcphnI (slentbmXnkv BansPd) Imbv Xpcs Fw s]cpIp Ahkcn Chsb BlcnmdpWvSv.

        Idp {UmtKmbpw (Un{Iqdkv AUvknanenkv) slentImsh]m C\s BlcnmdpWvSv.

  • {]mWnIsf Xnp av ]nI      

  1. ssa\ (qakv tdmknbkv)

  2. Icnpbn (bqUn\mankvv kvtImtfmt]kntb)

  3. Cy anfn (Idp Xebp Hdntbm) Hdntbmekv Hdntbmekv

  4. \mp_p_p (ss]t{Imt\mkv Im^)

  5.   Idp tXInfn (]n kt_Uv) s\Ivmdn\nb Gjymnc

  6. atInfn (]n dw]vUv kt_Uv) s\Ivmdn\nb skbntem\n   

  7. Ccen (sdUv hnkvtUv _p_p) ]nIvt\mt\mkv tPmtImkkv     

  8. CWmth (Bjnkzmtfm ss{jv) Acnbmakv ^kvIkv 

  • IoSfpsS tcmKhym]\n ]nIfpsS ]v

        BtcmKyapXpw, F.]n.hn. B{Ianhbpamb slentImsh]m ]pgpsf ]nI hnthN\anmsX `nv F.]n.hn.bpsS Poh\p Awi hnknbvmdpWvSv.  AXpt]mse _mknkv t]mnt _m[n shfp ]pgpsf Blcnbvp ]nI tcmKmWpfpsS kvt]mdpIsfbpw hnknpp.  CXphgn BtcmKyap IoSġv tcmK_m[bpWvSmIm\nSbmIpp.

  • ]nI FenIfpsS i{Xq                             

        shn aqbpsS (bntm B_) Ipp CScw henap 7-8 ]n FenIsfbpw Xpc\pIsfbpw Hcp Znhkw Xnp Xopw.  Hcp Xaq Znhkw 4 aqppġv Xo sImSppIbmsWn GItZiw 32 FenIsf Ch Ignbvpw.  CtXmsSmw apXn ]nIfpsS Xo IqSn tNpIbmsWn 50 Hmfw FenIsf Ch `npw.

  • an{X]nIsf {]tbmP\sSp      

        ImjnI ]cnX:nXnbpsS kpenXmh \ne\nm thWvSn kzm`mhnI coXnbp \nb{W am IqSpXembn {]tbmP\sSptWvSXmWv.  an{X]nIfpsS Fw Iqm\pw Ahsb IrjnbnSfntev BIjnm\pw Ahew_ntWvS Imcy ChbmWv.

  • IoSsf Xnp ]nI anhbpw Ipgnbp IqSpI DWvSmphbmWv.  AXn\m Ccnep s]nqSpI IrjnbnSfpsS kao]v m]npI.  ]pfn, a_dn XpSnb ]g Xcp hr an{X ]nIsf BIjnm DXIpw. 

  • PetkN\w, Infbv XpSnb Irjn apdIf\phnpIbpw sNSnbvnSbnep AIew IqpIbpw sNpXp hgn an{X]nIsf BIjnm\mIpw.

  • H]Xv ASntbmfw s]map T BIrXnbnep acsmv IrjnbnSfn hbvpI hgn shn aqIsf BIjnmhpXmWv.