Xncnv

     {Kmq 

imkv{X\maw  : sskkoPnbw Atcmamnw  

        Cu km{amb DjvW taJem Imemhbpw 150-250 sk.ao hmjnI hj]mXhpw CjvSsSp kpK\v[ hyRvP\hnfbmWv {Kmp.  kap{Z \ncn \nv 800-900 ao hsc DbcnCXv \mbn hfcpw.  \ hfqdpw Bghpw Pe \nKa\ kuIcyfpap F amWv {Kmp Irjnv ]nbXv.    

  • tbmPn IrjnkvYew 

        `mKnI XWepw Imns ISp ieyhpanm ew \v.  XpdmbtXm ]q XWtem D e \.         

  • hnpw hnXbpw

        km[mcWbmbn {Kmp Irjn sNpXv hnp ]mIn ssXIfpWvSmnbXmWv.  ]p hjsanepw {]mbap \ hnfhp \Ip BtcmKyap acfn \npamWv hnn\p thWvSn ]g tiJcntWvSXv.  ]g shůn IpXnnv {im]qw ]pdsmen ampI.  Heohv ] \ndn apgppff hnmWv \v.  XWppw XWepap efn hfqdp CSw t\mn thWw \gvkdntbmcpm.  hnv 2-5 sk.ao XmgvNbn 12-15 sk.ao CShnv ]mIpI.  \nXyhpw \\bvpI.  ssXI 25-30 sk.ao Dbcw hfcpXp hsc \gvkdnbn \nmw, Asæn 6 amkw {]mbamIptm sNdnb NnIfntep ammw.         

  • \So

        18 amkw {]mbamb ssXIfmWv \Sm \Xv.  60 sk.ao. hoXw \ofhpw Bghpap IpgnI 6 ao. AIen, \Soen\v Hcp amkw apt] FSpnSWw.  Cu IpgnI ]netbm Itmtm taatm tNv aqSpI.  tabv - -Pq, BKv - -sk]vw_ Fo Imebfhn ssX \Smw.  th\¡mepw agbnmtmgpw \\bpw XWepw \IpI.  {KmpssIġv XW Inm hmg, ioasm XpSnbh \p hfmw.

{Kmp km[mcWbmbn Imn, ASbv, sXv FnhtbmsSmw CShnfbmbmWv hfpXv.           

  • hf{]tbmKw

        tabv--PqWn Hcp acn\v Hcp hjw 15 In.{Kmw F tXmXn Imenhftam Itmtm \IpI.  BZy hjw Hcp sNSnv F.]n.sI Fnh bYm{Iaw 20:18:50 {Kmw F tXmXnepw cWvSmw hjw 40:36:100 {Kmw F tXmXnepw BWv \tIWvSXv.  CXv {ItaW hnnv 15 hjw {]mbamIp Hcp {Kmq acn\v bYm{Iaw 300:250:750 {Kmw F tXmXn F.]n.sI Fnh \IWw.  ssPhhfw tabv--PqWn ag XpSptm tNWw.  cmkhfamIs cWvSp Xpey KUpfmbn hoXnv tabv--PqWnepw sk]vw_--HIvtSm_dnepambnmWv \tIWvSXv. acns Nphn \nv 1-1.25 ao. amn Xpdp sNdnb XSnemWv hf{]tbmKw \StWvSXv.   

  • ip{iqjI

        {Kmn tXmn IfsbSppw CSbnfepw \SWw.  tcmK_m[nXtam DWnbtXm Bb inJc apdnp \oWw.  1 % hoXap t_mtUman{inXw Xfnm sImpWw \nb{nmw. 

  • hnfshSppw kwkvIcWhpw

        \v 7-8 hjw sImWvSv {Kmv hnfhpw Xcm XpSpw.  ]qsamns hnZf]pSns \ndw NphmIm XpSptm ]q Hmtcmmbn CdpsSpv DWmw.  hnS ]qġv hn]Wnbn hne IpdhmWv.  aqsm ]qsamn\mIs KpWhpw Ipdbpw.       

Ipebn \npw ths]Spnb DSs\ {Kp sampI ]mbntem ]\ntem \ncn DWm\nSWw.  aqmw Znhkw sampIġv \ Xhnp \ndamIpw.  Fm sampIfpw Hcp t]mse DWpXn\p thWvSn CSbvnsS CfpXp \XmWv.  \ kqcy{]Imiap kabv \mtem Atm Znhkw sImWvSv samI \mbn DWnnpw.  \Xp t]mse DWngnm {Kmp Xqn ]bpsS aqn Hcp `mKw am{Xta DWvSmbncnpIbpq. \ ]mIsSpnb {Kmphn\v Xnfap Xhnp \ndhpw sNdnb ]cp]cpw DWvSmbncnpw.  Chbvv NpfphpI DWvSmbncnpIbn.  \ {Kmp hncens \Jn\nSbn hp sRcnm F In\nbpw.  DWnb {Kmp \ hrnbp t]mfno NmpIfn sIn kqcy{]Imihpw Cuhpw Xm ev kqnmw.     

  • {Kmpssew     

        {Kmphns sampIfpw {Kmp apgph\mbpw hmn ssXew FSpppWvSv.  Cs\ hmptm 17 % ssXew Inpp.  CXn\v {Kmphns kzXxknamb kpK\v[apWvSv.  CXn 85-89 % bqPnt\m ASnbncnpp.  `W]ZmXvYġv  kzmZpw kpK\v[hpw \Im\pw A \nmWnepw {Kmp ssXew D]tbmKnpp.  {Kmphns XWvSn \npw samns XWvSn \npw hmn ssXew FSpppWvSv.  CXn bqPnt\mfns Afhv 90-95% BWv.  ChnsS 5-7% ssXew Inpw.  Cu ssXen\v IpdpIqsS cqK\v[apWvSv.       

{Kmphns CeI hmnsbSpp ssXen\v cqK\v[hpw ISp {_u \ndhpamWv.  bqPnt\m Afhv 80-85%.     

  • Hentbmsdkn    

        {Kmp s]mSntm NXtm GsXnepw Hcp Im_WnI emb\n (Aktm) D]tbmKnmWv.  Hentbmsdkn thXncnsSppXv.  18-22% hsc Hentbmsdkn Inpw.    

kky kwcWw 

  • IoS

        {Kmphns Cfw XWvSpI Xpcp {][m\ i{XphmWv knt\mssktem hns XWvSp Xpc.  CXns\ 0.15% Im_mdn apIqn Xfnv \nb{nmw.  ioasm t]mse Xpcs hWvSn\v Xmhfw \Ip sNSnI {Kmphns CSbn hfpw DWnbpw \n¡pn Fv Ddp hcppI. 

  • tcmK     

        Cepn, sImpWw ]qsamp sImgnn Fnh hcppXv  `sImfntm{Snw ntbmkvt]mdntbmbnUvkv` F IpanfmWv.  CeIfn ]pn hogpIbpw CXv KpcpXcamIptm CeI DWnsmgnbpIbpw sNpp.  Hw  inJc DWpp.  inJcfn \nv Ipan ]qsampIfntebvv  ]Scpp.  [mcmfw ]qsampI sImgnbpp.    

  • \nb{Ww  

        Hmtcm amkw CShnv 1 % t_mtUman{inXw XfnpI.  ]qsamv DWvSmIpXn\p sXmp ap]p apX acpp Xfn Bcw`nv  ]qsamv hnfshSpp IgnbpXphsc CXp XpScWw.  tcmKtlXphmb Ipan hfcm\nSbp "s]cphew`" F IfsSn tXmn \nsmgnhmpI.