Xncnv

   Cnpv (knwt_mt]mK ^vsfIv)   


        Cnpns\ sea{Kmkv Fpw AdnbsSpp. \ NqSp Imemhbpw, \ coXnbn e`np agbpw, \\ohmgvNbp apamWv Cu sNSnbvv A\ptbmPyw.  km[mcWbmbn Iv IqSpXepXpw hfqdp Xosc Ipd anemWv Ch hfpXv.  Cu ]pv hfsc hjw \ne\n¡pXpw IqSmsX agmev ae{]tZifn hfm tbmPnXpw BIpp. Cu hnf 2-mw hjw hsc Db tXmXn hnfhv XcmdpWvSv.  tijw hnfhv {ItaW Ipdbpp. Cebn \npw kpKssXew thXncnsSpmhpXmWv.  CXn 70-90 % kn{S ASnbncnpp.  Cu kpKssXew tkmv, kucyhIhkvXp, IoSsf AIddpXn\p ]Zm Fnh DWvSmpXn\p ]pdta, sshddan F, Abt\m FnhbpsS \nmWnse AkwkvIrXhkvXphmbpw D]tbmKnpp. 

hnpw, hnXbpw 

Cn]pv {][m\ambpw hnv hgnbmWv hwih\hv \SpXv.Fm sNdnbssXI Cfn \pw hwih\hv \SmhpXmWv. 

HUn-19 F AXypXv]mZ\tijnbp C\w Irjnv Gddhpw tbmPnXmWv.

hnv t\cnv hnXbvpItbm,Asæn hnv hnXv apfn ssXI ]ngpXv \tm IrjnsNmhpXmWv.  hnv apfnv ]ngpXp\v hfp sNSnIfmWv addpXns\m anIXv. ImcWw ChbpsS CebpsS Xqhpw FbpsS Afhpw, kn{S F LSIns Afhpw IqSpXemWv.  hnv \mbn Hcpnb XSfn ]mIn apIfnembn t\ Hcp ]Sew av sImWvSv aqSWw. G{]n - tabv amkamWv CXn\v tbmPnXv. Hcp slIvSdn\v 3-4 Intem hnv BhiyamWv.  2-2.5 amkw sImWvSv ssXI amddn\Sm ]mIamhpw.

\nesamcp 

\new \mbn InfWw. tijw 75-80 skoaodd hoXnbnepw Bhiym\pkcWn \ofnepw XSsfSpv, XS Xn 30-35 skoaodd AIew \IWw. Ncn {]tZifn, tImWvSq _WvSpI Xov \SmhpXmWv. Pq-Pqembv amknse Bzyag kabw, 2-3 ssXI Hcp Ipgnbn F IWn\v 15-20 skoaodd AIen 4-5 hcnbmbn  Hmtcm XSfnepw \SmhpXmWv. \SpXn\v ap]v ssXIfpsS apIfnes CeI apdnp amddn 15-20  skoaodd \ofnse XWvSp \ne\nn thWw \Sm. 

hf{]tbmKw 

]pssXew hmnsbSp tijw  tijnp AhinjvSw Hcp slIvSdn\v 2500 Intem F tXmXnepw accn /Nmcw 1875 Intem F tXmXnepw \IpXv KpWIcamWv. ]mIyP\Iw ASnb hfw 100 Intem{Kmw /slIvS F coXnbn \mepXhWIfmbn Hmtcmpw Hmtcm  hnfshSpn\p tijw \IWw.  CXv ]pssXens Afhv Iqqp. 

addv ]cnNcW 

IfIfpsS hfbv\pkcWambn ncambn If\nb{W am kzoIcnWw. IqSmsX hjnsemcn anfpIbpw  hf{]tbmKw \SpIbpw sNtWvSXmIpp. km[mcWbmbn tcmKIoS_m[ Cu sNSnsb _m[nmdn. 

hnfshSpv 

Xd\ncn \nv 10 skoaodd Dbcn CeI shnsbSpWw.  \v BZy hjw 3-4 XhW Ccn Ce  shnsbSpmw.  Fm ]noSv Imemhbv\pkcnv 5-6 XhW hscbmImw.   hnfshSpvImew tabv amkn Bcw`nv P\phcnamkw hsc  \oWvSp\n¡pp. BZy hnfshSpv sNSn \v 90 Znhkn \Smw.  ]noSpff hnfshSpv 40-50 Znhks CSthfIfn \Smw. tem C\fn IqSpX hnfhpe`npXn\pw AXpt]mse IqSpX ]pssXew e`npXn\pw 40-45 Znhks CSthfIfn CeapdnsSpmw.  HUn-19 F C\n\v aetbmctaJeIfn Znhkhpw, Xmgvhmcfn 45-55 Znhkhpw \ImhpXmWv. 

hmdd 

Cnpv hmddpXn\v 100 Intem tijnbpff sNp  ]m{XfmWv D]tbmKnpXv.  \ocmhntbm, shffhpw  \ocmhnbpw Hcpantm D]tbmKnv hmdd {]{Inb \SmhpXmWv. Hcp {]mhiyw hmddpXn\v Hcp aWnq apX 2 aWnq hsc kabsaSppw. Hcp {]mhiyw hmddpXn\v Dtiw 40 Intem{Kmw hndIv BhiyamWv.  Cfw a\ndapff \mcmaWapff _mjv]oIcWw tijnbpff FbmWv e`nbvpI.sNp ]m{Xnepff shffns apI ]cn Zzmcfpff UnkvIv D]tbmKnm DX \nehmcnepff F e`nbvpw.  Cu coXnsb Pe-\ocmhn coXn FdnbsSpp. IqSpX Ce hmtWvSXpsWvSn \ocmhn  D]tbmKnpXmWv KpWIcw. CXn\v Icn C\ambn D]tbmKnmhpXmWv.   

apdnsSp Ce sNdpIjWfmn apdnXn\p tijamWv hmm D]tbmKntWvSXv.  Ccn apdnsSp Ce XWen bmsXmcp tItSm, FbpsS Afthm  IpdbmsX Xs 3 Znhkw hsc kqnp  hbvmhpXmWv. 

F kw`cWw 

]pssXew /F 3 hjw hsc KpW\nehmcn hyXymkanmsX hmbq ISmsX sagpIp D]tbmKnv AS Aeqan\nbw ]m{Xn kqnp hbvmhpXmWv.  Cu ]m{X Ccppff apdnIfn thWw kqnm. 

hnfhv 

\v BZy hjw Hcp slIvSdn\v 10 S Ce e`npw.  CXn \nv  28 Intem ]pssXew hmddn FSpmhpXmWv.  2-10 hjw apX hnfhv 25 Spw F 75  Intembpw e`nbvpw.  e`nbvp ]pssXens Afhv 0.30-0.35  iXam\amWv AXn 70% kn{S ASnbnpWvSmhpw.  HUn-19 C\n\v 0.40-0.45% Fbpw 85-90%  kn{Sepw ASnbnpWvSmhpw.