Xncnv

  ssIX (A\m\kv tImtamkkv)


        ssIX km[mcWbmbn DXn Ipd ev \mbn hfcpp. 
15 - 30 Un{Kn sknt{KUv DujvamhmWv tbmPnXv.  ssIXbn {]tXyI PetiJcW tImifpXn\m Cu sNSnv hcĨsb AXnPohnm\p IgnhpWvSv.  600-2500 an.ao. icmicn ag Inp Fm {]tZifnepw ssIX hfmw.  Fm Ghpw A\ptbmPyw 1000-1500 an.ao agbmIpp.  shsIp {]tZiw HgnsI asm Xcnep anepw Cu hnf \mbn hfcpp.  H hnfbmbpw, CShnfbmbpw Irjn sNmhpXmWv.

  • \So kabw

tabv - Pq amkamWv \So Imew.  Fm AXniamb agmew \Soen\v tbmPnX.

  • C\

Iyq, audojykv FnhbmWv 2 {][m\ C\.

]cnNcW am

  • Iyq C\

        hmWnPy Irjnbvv ip]mi sNp C\amWv Iyq.

  • \nesamcp

        \new DgpXv \ncmnbXn\p tijamWv \tSWvSXv.  ans kz`mhn\\pkcnv 90 sk.ao hoXnbnepw, 15 - 30 sk.ao Bgnepw Bhiym\pkcWnepap NmepI IodWw.  NmepIfpsS a[y`mK Xn 165 sknao AIen {IaoIcnWw.

  • Iv XncsSpepw ]cnNcWhpw

\ BtcmKyap IpI thWw XncsSpm.  Ch Htct]mepXpw, 500-1000 {Kmw XqapXpambncnWw Cs\ sXcsSp IpI.   XWep Xpdmb ev Hcp ]mfnbmbn 7 Znhktbvv DWm\mbn \ncnbnSWw.  IpIfpsS Ghpw ]pdsabp DWnb CeI \ow sNbvXXn\ptijw hoWvSpw 7 Znhktbvp IqSn DWWw.  Cu IpI 1 iXam\w hocyap t_mtUm an{inXn apnbXn\ptijw \Sm\p]tbmKnmw.

  • \So

        av CfnbXn\ptijw 2 hcnbmbn hcnI Xn 70 sknao AIenepw sNSnI Xn 30 sknao AIenepw \SWw.  \So AIew 7.5 - 10 sknao hscbmImw.  Hmtcm Nmenepw XrtImW coXnbnep \So coXn {]hnIampXv \XmIpp.  Hcp slIvSdn C{]Imcw 40400 sNSnI \SmhpXmWv.

  • hf{]tbmKw

        Imenhfw/ ssPhhfw Hcp slIvSdn\v 25 S F tXmXn ASnhfambn D]tbmKnWw.  IqSmsX Hcp sNSnv Hcp hjtbvv 8:4:8 {Kmw ]mIyP\Iw : `mhIw : mcw F tXmXn slIvSdn\v 320 :160:320 Intem{Kmw hfw D]tbmKnWw.

        apgph `mhIhpw \Sp kabpXs \IWw. ]mIyP\Ihpw, mchpw 4 Xpey KUpfmbn tabv-Pq (\Sp kabw), BKv - sk]vXw_, \hw_, tabv - Pq (2 - 10 hjw) \IWw.

        \hw_ amkn ag Xosc Ipdhmb kabw, ]mIyP\Iw, mcw Fnh 3 Xpey KUpfmbn \Imw.  2 KUp BZyhjhpw (tabv - Pq, BKv -sk]vXw_) 3-mw KUp tabv - Pq amknepw (cWvSmw hjw) \IWw.  hf{]tbmKn\ptijw, Nmense hifnse av sNdpXmbn Cfn sImSpWw.

  •  PetkN\w

        th\Imev PetkN\w \Im Ignbp ev Ah \IWw.  0.6 sF.Uyp/ kn.]n.Cu. tXmXn thWw \Im.  CXn\mbn 22 Znhknsemcn F tXmXn 5-6 XhW PetkN\w \StWvSXmIpp.  IqSmsX Cuw \ne\ndpm\mbn sNSnbpsS Nphn Icnbne D]tbmKnv ]pXbntSWvSXmWv.

  • If \nb{Ww:

        {]mtbmKnI ahpw, ]mgvsNehp IpdXpamb If\nb{Wn\v If\min\nI D]tbmKnmhpXmWv.  apfpXn\p ap]v D]tbmKnp If\min\nI AXmbXv Hcp slIvSdn\v Ubptdm 3 Intem Asæn s{_mamkn 2.5 Intem 600 en shůn ebnnv Xfnm IfIsf ]qambn \nb{nmhpXmWv.  hoWvSpw DWvSmIp IfIsf ta]d If\min\nI ]IpXn AfhpIfn XpSpw D]tbmKnv \nb{nmhpXmWv.

  • ]qhnS XzcnXsSp

        Htc coXnbn ]qhpWvSmIpXv XzcnXsSppXn\pthWvSnnt^m 25 ]n.]n Fw (2 tmtdm CussX t^mkvt^mWnIv BknUv) F acpv 2 iXam\w bqdnbbpw 0.04 iXam\w Imkyw Im_tWdpw tNv Xfnm aXn..

        Cu an{inXw Cuanm Imemhbn Hcp sNSnv 50 annen F tXmXn, sNSnI 16-17 amkw {]mbamIptm (39-42 Ce hcptm ) thWw \tIWvSXv.  Cu an{inXw CeIfpsS IhWIfn Hgnp sImSpWw.  1000 sNSnIġv 50 en emb\n BhiyamWv.  (50 en emb\n DWvSmpXn\v 1.25 ann Fnt^m, 1 Intem{Kmw bqdnb, 20 {Kmw Imkyw Im_tWv Fnh 50 en shůn ebnnWw).  Cu an{inXw \In 40-mw Znhkw ]q {]XyamhpIbpw 70-mw Znhkw ]qnbmhpIbpw sNpw.

kky kwcWw

        t\cnb tXmXn Cepn tcmKhpw, aoeoaqIfpw HgnsI km[mcWbmbn bmsXmcp tcmKIoS_m[Ifpw ssIXbn ImWpn.

        Cepn tcmKw \nb{nm\mbn AhbpsS eWw IWvSp XpSnbm 1 iXam\w hocyap t_mtUm an{inXw (225 en/ slIvS), kns\_v, amtImssk_v, kndw FnhbntesXnepw  Hv 225 en shw Hcp slIvSdn\v F tXmXn ebnnv XfntWvSXmWv.

        aoenaqIsf \nb{nm\mbn Iyp\m t^mkv 0.025 iXam\w, s^\nt{SmXntbm 0.05 iXam\w, s^Xntbm 0.05 iXam\w FnhbntesXnepw Hv D]tbmKnmw.  ]ppIfpw av IfIfpw amn ChbpsS hwih\hv XSbmw.