Xncnv

  amhv (amPns^d CUn)


       
sshhn[yap anepw Imemhbnepw amhv \mbn hfcpw.  IqSmsX kap{Z \ncn\nv
1500 Fw Dbcw hscbpw \mbn hfcpw.  hcWvS Imemhbpw, intbdnb agbpw Cu acw AXnPohnpw.

  • C\

        At^mtkm, Ime]mSn, \oew, apWvS, s_\njm, Be_q s_\njm, atKmh, kphtcJ.

  • \So kabw

        akq Bcw`npXnt\mS\p_nv Hcp hjw {]mbamb {Km^vp ssXI \SmhpXmWv.  ag AXniamsWn \So BKv - sk]vXw_ amkn sNmhpXmWv.

  • ImbnI {]h[\w

        tm {Km^vnwKv amhn hfsc hnPbIcamWv.  BKv amkamWv tbmPn kabw.  4 amkw {]mbap ktbm XncsSpWw.  ktbmWns CeI 10 Znhkn\p ap]v ampXv \XmWv.  8 sknao \ofap ktbm, 6 - 8 sk.ao. s]mnep dqv tkmn {Km^vv sNpXv hnPbIcamWv.  DW AkpJw {Km^vn km[mcW IWvSphcpp, Ch sImftm{Snw F Ipan aqew DWvSmIphbmWv.  CXns\ 1% t_mtUm an{inXw Xfnv \nb{nmw.

  • \So 

        \ {Km^vv \Sm\p]tbmKnWw.  kaNXpc coXnbntem, jUvtIm coXnbntem \SmhpXmWv.  IpgnI 1*1*1 ao henn 9 ao AIen \SpXn\v 1 amkn\pap]v XmdmWw.  Cu IpgnIfn taav, 10 Intem ssPhhfw FnhbpsS an{inXw Xd \ncn \nv Db coXnbn \ndbvWw.  sshIptc kabv IhdpIfn Ccp AtX Bgn {Km^vpI Ipgnbn \tSWvSXmWv.  \Sp Bgw IqSnbm sNSnIfpsS hf Ipdhmbncnpw.  IqSmsX {Km^vv kwtbmPnn `mKw a\ncn\v apIfnembncnWw.

  • hf{]tbmKw

ssPh cmk hf Xmsg]dbp A\p]mXn \tIWvSXmWv.

sNSnbpsS {]mbw

Imenhfw (Intem/sNSn/hjw)

]mIyP\Iw:`mhIw:mcw ({Kmw/sNSn/hjw)

Hmw hjw

10

20:18:50

cWvSmw hjw

15

50:27:75

aqv - Av hjamIptm

25

100:36:100

6 - 7 hjn

40

250:172:200

8 - 10 hjn

50

400:144:400

10 hjn\p apIfn

75

500:360:750

         ]ne (25 Intem/sNSn)bpw Nmepw (10-15 Intem sNSn Hn\v) A[nIambn \IWw.  ssPhhfw tabv-Pq amkn akq ag XpSpXnt\mS\p_nv \ImhpXmWv.  cmkhf Hcp KUphmbn tabv - Pq amkn \IWw.  sNSnI ImbvpXphsc CXp XpScmw.  Imbvp XpSnbm 2 KUpfmWw, BZyKUp tabv - Pq amknepw, ASpXv BKv - sk]vXw_ amknepw.  cmkhf 30 sk.ao. Bgnepw 2.5 - 3 Fw AIenepw acns Nphn FSp sNdpNmepIfn \IWw.

  • av ]cnNcW am 

        th\¡mev HcmgvNbn cWvSp XhW F coXnbn 4-5 hjw hsc \\bvWw.  ]dnI, Dgpv, ]b, ssIXN, hmg Fnh CShnfbmbn Irjn sNmhpXmWv.  Pq - HIvtSm_ amkn DgpIsbm, hjn cWvSpXhW CS InfpItbm sNmhpXmWv.  FFF @ 10-30 ]n.]n.Fw F A\p]mXn \Inbm Imbvs]mgnn IpdbvmhpXmWv.  CXv ]q Imbv Bbn amdp Ahkcn (Imbv]nSnv cWvSmas BgvN) ]qpebn samn XfnWw.

kkykwcWw 

        amhns {][m\ IoSfmWv shpInfnI, XWvSpXpc, h\anI C\ns CuI, CeXo\n hWvSpI, ImbvCu, sskenUv Fnh.  ]uUdnanUyq, BmIvt\mkv, DW FnhbmWv {][m\ tcmK.  shpInfnIsf \nb{nm 0.1 iXam\w Im_dn Asæn amentbm D]tbmKnpI.  XWvSpXpcs\ \nb{nm Imt_mfnIv BknUv (130 FwF), arZptkmv (1 Intem), Xnfshw (3.7 en) FnhbpsS an{inXw XSnbnep Zzmcfn \ndm aXn.  HnShn Znhkfn, Aepan\nbw t^mkvss^kv Smsv Cu Zzmcfn CSpXv \XmIpp.  ImboIsf \nb{nm amentbm 0.1% 2% ]kmcbpambn Ien XfnWw.  IoStcmK_m[ G ImbvI ]dnv \innWw.  ImboIsf \nb{nm\mbn Xpfkn sIWn D]tbmKnmw.  acsamn\v 4 sIWn hoXhpw IqSmsX amentbm 0.1 iXam\w 2 iXam\w ]kmc an{inXw XfnWw.  CXv Imbv]nSnp XpSpXpapX ]mIamIpXphsc BhnWw.  CeXo\n IoSsf \nb{nm Im_mdn 0.1 iXam\w Xfnm aXn.  aoIsf \nb{nm\mbn Im_mdn 0.1 iXam\tam, ssUsatXmtbv 0.05 iXam\tam, t^mkv^mantUm 0.03 iXam\tam D]tbmKnmw.  B{mIvt\mkv, ]uUdnanUym \nb{nm\mbn k^ s]mSn D]tbmKnmhpXmWv.  DW \nb{nm\mbn DWnb `mKn\p Xmsghv Nn apdnpamn AhnsS t_mtUm an{inXw tXbvWw.