Xncnv

  \mS ]b.  

 

  • imkv{X \maw: hn AwKznpte 

          tIcfnse Imemhbn \mS]b (s]cpw]b) hjw apgph\pw Irjn sNmw.  sXn tXmn Hcp ASnv hnfbmbpw sabv -sk]vw_ amkfn aco\ntmn Hcp CShnfbmbpw  CXp hfmw.  cWvSmw hnfmepw th\¡mepw Hcpq Ccpq \nefn ]b Hcp X\n hnfbmbns hfmhptXbpffq.  hop hfn GXp Imepw ]b hnXbvmw.  th\¡mev Pemaw  cqamp Xriviq Pnbnse tIm \nefn ]b IyjnbndmmhpXmWv.

  • Iyjnmew. 

  1. GXpImepw \mS]b hfmw.

  2. agsb B{ibnpff Iyjnv, Pq amkn hnv hnXbvmw.  IyXyambn ]dm PqWnse BZy BgvNbvv tijw.   

  3. cWvSmw hnfmev (dm_n) AXmbXv sk]vw_ apX Unkw_ hsc s\]mSns _WvSpIfn Hcp AXncp hnfbmbpw ]b ]mIn hfmw.  Rmdv ]dnp \Sp AtX Znhkw Xs _WvSns   Ccphipw hnp hnXbvmw.

  4. s\]mSfn hnfshSpn\p tijw th\¡v XcninSp thfbn ]b Hcp X\nhnfbmbn hfmw. 

  • C\ 

1 ]dnv D]tbmKnph 

(F) Ipnb- `mKyevan, ]qk _kmn, ]qk tIma 

(_n) ]IpXn ]Scp kz`mhapffh - ssIcfn, hcq, A\izc, I\IaWn (]n.Sn._n.-1), Av Kcna.

(kn) ]S C\- imcnI, amenI, sI. Fw. hn-1, teme, sshPbn, atcn tem, hbevq tem, Ipcptmeb. 

2. hnn\v D]tbmKnph. 

kn-152, Fkv-488, ]qk ^Kp\n, ]n-118, ]qktZm ^knen, IyjvWaWn(]n.Sn. n-2), hn-240, Aw_(h-16), Pn.kn-827, kn Hm-3, ]uan (XcninSp s\]mSġv). 

3. ]dnpw hnn\pw D]tbmKnph.   
I\IaWn (]n Sn _n
-1), \yq Cud 

4 aco\ntmnse NmXn hnf  
hn-26
5 sXntXmnse ASnv hnf   

KpPdmv hn
-118,  Iu ]o-2   

  • hnv \ncv 

]dn C\ġv   
IpnsSn
-20--25 In.{Kmw/slIvS
]Scph
-4-5   
hnn\pw apw hfphbvv   

hnXbv
-60--65 In {Kmw/slIvS (IyjvWaWnv 45 In {Kmw)  \cnbnS-50-60 In {Kw/slIvS(IyjvWaWnv 40 In {Kmw). 

  • hnv  ]cnNcWw 

]b hnn ssdtkm_nbw IĨdpw Ipmbhpw ]pcpXv hfsc \XmWv Fv IWvSncnpp.  CXn\v thWvS ssdtkm_nbw IĨ Aknkvv tkmbn sSnv sk, ]mn 679 306, ]memSv Pn  F hnemkn e`npw.  tIcf ImjnI kIemime hnIknnsSp  \ 11, 12 Fo cWvSp Xcw IĨdpIfmWv ]mnbn  e`npXv. 

  • ssdtkm_nbw IĨ {]tbmK coXn. 

          IĨ D]tbmKnptm AXns ]mbvn\p ]pdv FgpXnbncnp hnfbpsS t]cpw \nnjvS  XobXnbpw {inWw,  \nivNnX hnfbvv \nnX IĨ Xs D]tbmKnWw.  \nnjvS XobXnv ap]v Xs D]tbmKnpIbpw thWw.  Hcp slIvS etv 250 apX 375 {Kmw hsc IĨ aXnbmIpw.  IĨ Hcnepw t\cnpff kqcy{]Imintem shbnetm XpdcpXv.  AXymhiyn\pw am{Xw shffw D]tbmKnv IĨ, hnpambn Htcm t]mse \mbn ]pcnsbSppI. (shdpw shffn\v ]Icw 2.5% AP emb\ntbm Xte Znhks Inshfftam Bbmepw aXn.  ChbmIptm IĨ hnpambn \mbn HnnSnpIbpw sNpw.).  Cs\ ]pcptmgpw hnns ]pdw tXmSn\v Xw ]msX t\mWw,  IĨ ]pcngnv hnv hynbpff Hcp ISemkntem atm \ncn XWev DWnbnv DSs\ ]mIWw.  ssdtkm_nbw IĨ ]pcnb hnv Hcnbvepw cmkhffpambn CSIem ]mSn.

  • Ipmbw ]pcp hn[w. 

1. ssdtkm_nbw IĨ ]pcngnv ]b hnntev \mbn s]mSn Imkyw Im_tWv XqIn 1 apX 3 an\nv hsc t\cw sas CfpI.  Cu kabw Ignbptm hnnsemw Hcp t]mse Ipmbw ]pcWvSp Ignbpw. 

hnns hena\pkcnv, C\ndbp Afhn Ipmbw  thWvSn hcpw. 

  • sNdnb hnv-10 Intem hnn\v 10 Intem {Kmw Ipmbw

  • CScw henw-10 Intem hnn\v 0.6 Intem{Kmw Ipmbw

  • henb hnv-10 Intem hnn\v 0.5 In {Kw Ipmbw 

2. Ipmbw ]pcnnSn ]b hnv hynbpff Hcp ISemn \ncnbnSpI.  IgnbnnStmfw thKw Ah ]mIpI.  Fnepw  Cs\ Ipmbw ]pcnb hnpI XWpv ev  ]camh[n HcmgvN hsc thWsanepw kqnmw. 

Ipdnv. 

  1. ]pgnckapff an ]mIp hnn\v am{Xta Ipmbw ]pc Bhiyapffq.   

  2. Iyjnbmhiyn\v D]tbmKnp km[mcW Ipmbw Hcnepw hnn ]pcpXn\v \.   

  3. Ipmbw hnn\v aosX \mbn ]nnSnncnpw hn[w thWw ]pcnsbSpm.   

  4. Ipmbw ]pcnb hnv cmkhfhpambn Ien hnXbvmhpXmWv.  Fnepw hnpw hfhpw IqsS ]pcn ZoLt\cw hncncpXv.

  5. Ipmbw ]pcnb hnv Hcnbvepw CuanmsX DWnb Hcp XSn ]mIcpXv. 

  • hnX. 

          IyjnbnSw ctWvSm aqtm XhW \mbn DgpXnfn Ibpw  Ifbpsams ampI. agshffsIpWvSmImXncnm 30 sk ao hoXnbnepw 15 sk ao XmgvNbnepw 2 ao AIew \In NmepI IodpI. hnn\p thWvSn hfp C\ġpw, hnn\pw ]dnpw thWvSn hfp  C\ġpw hcnI Xn 25 sk aopw sNSnI Xn 15 sk aodpw \In thWw \pcnbnSm.  Hcp Ipgnbn cWvSp hnv hoXw aXnbmIpw.  hnv hnXbvpIbmsWn, hnXp Ignv Nmep Iodnbm aXnbmIpw.  Innbdn\v hcnI Xn 30 sk.aodpw sNSnI Xn 15 sk aodpw BWv \v.  ]mXn ]S hfcp C\ġpw 45*30 sk aodv CSbIeamWv thWvSXv.  ]Scp C\ Hcp Ipgnbn aqv ssXI F tXmXn \SWw. 

hf{]tbmKw. 

  • ssPhhfw-20 S/slIS

  • Ipmbw-250 Intem {Kmw/slISv Asæn tUmtfmsav 400 Intem {Kmw/slIvS.

  • ss\{SP-20 Inte/slIvS

  • t^mkv^dkv-30 Intem{Kmw/ slIvS

  • s]mmjv-10  Intem {Kmw/slIvS. 

          BZy Dghn\pw Xs Ipmbw tNWw,  ]IpXn ss\{SP\pw apgph t^mkv^dkpw s]mmjpw Ahkm\ DgthmSpIqSn  tNWw.  _mnbpff ss\{SP hnv ]mIn 15-20 Znhkw Ignv tNm aXn. 

Ipdnv  -

Ip\mn F apff {]tZifn ]dn Bhiyn\v ]b  hfptm ss\{SP, t^mkv^dkv, s]mmjv Fnh slIvSdn\v 10 Intem, 20 Intem, F Afhn bYm{Iaw \IWw.  cmkhf ]e XhWbmbn  hn`Pnv cWvSmgvN CShnv \Inbm aXn. 

  • IyjnWnI. 

          cWvSmw XhW ss\{SP hfw hIpXnt\msSmw, sNdpXmbn CSbnfpXv anse hmbpkmcw hnnm\pw thcp]Sew ]Sp hfcm\pw klmbamIpw.  hnn\v thWvSn hfp C\ġv ]dnbn\ġv ]Sp hfcm ]nenp sImSpWw. 

  • PetkN\w. 

          cWvSp XhW \\bvpXn\v ]bdn\v  \XmWv.  Hv \v 15 Znhkw Ignpw ASpXv sNSn ]pjv]np kabpw sNSn ]pjv]nptm Dff \\bv ]pjv]nens\bpw Imb ]nSnsbpw t{]mmlnnpw. 

  • kky kwcWw. 

          ]bdnse Idp apsb \nb{nm ^yptkdnbw ]ntUmtdmknbw F Ipan D]tbmKnpw,  IoS_m[ IWvSmepS Xs 400 N aodn\v 3 Intem{Kmw F tXmXn Ipanfns {]tbmKw HhW aXnbmIpw.  ametbm(0.05%) Asæn Izn\m t^mkv(0.03%) Fnhbnsemv Xfnp apsb \nb{nmw. 

          ImbXpcamsc \nbv{npXn\v Im_dn (0.2%) Asæn s^Xtbm (0.05%) Fnhbnsemv Xfnmw.  IoSieyw XpScppshn acpv Xfn Bhnmw,  acpv XfnpXn\v apv hnf ]b hnfshSpcnWw.  acpv Xfnp Ignm \n_ambpw 10 Znhkw Ignt hnfshSpv \Smhq. 

          kw`cWthfbn ]b hnv IoS_m[bn \npw cnpXn\v hnn 1% ISe Ftb shfntbm, ]pcn kqnm  aXn.  ]bdn \namhncbpsS D]{Zhw \nbv{npXn\v thnetbm IyqWnv ]bpsS Cetbm slISdn\v F \ncn hnv ]mIpXn\v  cWvSmgvN apv av  tNWw, 

          hfbpsS BZyLfn 1 iXam\w t_mtUman{inXw Xfnm ]bdns\ Ipan tcmKfn \nv kwcnmw.  B{mIvt\mkv tcmKn \npw ]bdn\v kwcWw \Im hnv 0.1 iXam\w Im_Umkn  F acpv ]pcpItbm sNSnIfn 1 iXam\w t_mtUman{inXw XfnpItbm thWw.