Xncnv

        ]dnI - t]mjWhpw Huj[hpw  


     
\ t]mjImlmcsaXn\p ]pdsa ]dnIfpw ]gfpw tcmK\nhmcWn\pw D]tbmKsSpmsaXv ]WvSpapXt AdnhpXmWv.  Cv Gsd {]Nmcw e`npIgn {]IrXn NnInXvkbnse {][m\ acppI ]dnIfpw ]gfpw XsbmWv.  hnZKv[\mb Hcp {]IrXn NnInkIstbm, BbpthZ sshZystbm In \nmcsap tXmmhp Hcp ]dntbm, ]gtam amdmtcmK t]mepw amm Ignhp Hcp acpmbn amdntbmw!

     \mw \nXyhpw `WnepsSpp ]dnIfpsS Huj[ KpW IqSn AdnncnpI FXv A`nejWobamb Hcp ImcyamWv.

{][m\s Nne ]dnIfpsS Huj[ KpW Xmsg sImSppp.

shcn hw 

  • ]mh/Ibv]    

        tIcfobv Ghpw {]nbcamb shcn h ]dn hnfIfn HmWv ]mh AYhm Ibv].  t]mjI KpWnset]mse Huj[ KpWnepw CXv ap]nbnemWv.  CXns ImbvIfpw, Cebpw, thcpw Huj[ aqeyapXmWv.  shůn AenptNcp samtamUnkn F B¡tembnUv, kmtmWn, B_pant\mbnUv Fo hkvXp ImbvIfnepw, CeIfnepw ASnbncnpp.  Ibv]Ifn [mcmfw hnan kn bpapWvSv.  {]tal tcmKnIġv ]mhbv \smcp Huj[amWv.  ImbvI NXv \oscSpp IpSnpXpw, Imbv Acnv Hcp cm{Xn ssXcnenXn\ptijw Dv tNv IgnpXpw \XmWv.  AanXamb hnbv, aq{Xw t]mI, s]mSn Fnhbph \nXyhpw ]mhbv `npXv \XmWv.

      s\nse I^spw, izmkXShpw amdm ]mhbvm \ocv, tX\pw, IpcpapfIps]mSnbpw tNv Znhkw Hcp t\cw hoXw Ignm aXnbmIpw. ]mhbvtbm, ]mhens thtcm Acv tamcn Ien Znhkw Hcp t\cw hoXw Ignm Aiv tcmKw amdpw.    

      ]mhens Cemdv Hcp kv]q hoXw Znhkw cWvSpt\cw Ignm ann\p IpdhpWvSmIpw. ]\n, icocthZ\ Fnhbptm ]mhbv Acnv Gew, IpcpapfIv, Idph  FnhtbmsSmw cm{Xn apgph shůnentijw ]ntv cmhnse apX B shw CSbvnSbvv Aev]mev]ambn IpSnm hfsc thKw Bizmkw e`nbvpw.       

  • Ipfw       

      kwkvIrXn IqivamWvUw Fdnb]sSp s\bv Ipfns ImbvIfpw, hnpw Huj[aqeyaphbmWv. ImbvIfn 90 iXam\ntesdbpw PemwiamsWnepw, Ipq_nn F B¡tembnUpw hnman _n -1 Fnhbpw CXn ASnbnpWvSv.  

      am\knI kwLjw eLqIcnm\pw _pnin hnnm\pw DaamWv Ipf. hmX]n CmXmm\pw, DZctbpw, ctbpw ipoIcnm\pw CXn\p Ignbpw. izmktImiw XpSnb Bcmhbhfn \np c{kmhw \nm Ipf\o ]nb Huj[amWv icbnen Ipf Ain\pw, {KlWnpw, ]ntIm]n\pw FXnsc \v. {]taltcmKnIġv Ipf Ghpw ]XvYyamb Hcp BlmcamWv.     

       A]kvamc NnInkbn Ipfm\ocv ^ehmsWv IWvSnpWvSv. hniv hnnm Ipfm ckmb\w DaamWv. Ipfm\ocn \sîbpw DephmsmSnbpw tNv ImnFSpp F apSnsImgnn XSbm \XmWv. Ipfmhnv CSnsSp s]mSn NqSpshůn Ien IpSnm DZcIranbpsS ieyw Ipdbpw.

  • ]Shew         

       ]eXcw ]Shew DXn ]h Fv hSt Cybn  AdnbsSphbpw, Imp]Shew Fv sXt Cybn AdnbsSphbpw Huj[KpWn anIhbmWv. Cu kkyfpsS Fm`mKhpw Huj[aqeyaphbmWv. hnhn[ kky`mKfn kmt]mWn, sl{SnbmtImt{S, ss^tmntdm Fnhbpw Nne ssXefpw Ibv]p Sm\n\pw ASnbncnpp.  

    ]Shew kaqew Ijmbw shv Znhkw cWvSp t\cw hoXw Ignm ISp ]\n, NtcmKw, IpjvTw, c]nw, hncieyw Ch amdpw. XethZ\ Ipdbm CXns thccv s\nbnenSpXv \XmWv. ]Shens Ce Acp ]pcnbm {hWw thKw ]gpps]mpIbpw, IcnbpIbpw sNpw. AanXamb Zmlw amm ]She Cppanp Xnfn shw IpSnm aXn.   

  • tImh

        CXns ImbvIfpw, Cebpw, Ingpw Huj[aqeyapXmWv. ImbvIfn Ccpv, Imkyw, t^mkv^dkv Fo [mXpehWfpw hnman Fbpw knbpw [mcmfw ASnbnpWvSv. tImh ngv t{_mssnkn\pw, sXmWvSbnepWvSmIp av ]e AkpJġpw, \ Huj[amWv. CXns Cem {]taltcmK NnInkbvpw, an NnInkbvpw ^ehmsWv IWvSnpWvSv. 

Ingphw            

  • tNv           

       tNns Ingpw Cebpw \ ]dnIfmWv. Ingv AP {][m\amWv. Ce [mXpehWfmepw, hnman F bmepw kamWv.       

          AP{][m\amIbm tNn Ingv inZmbIamWv. Fm CXns Hw IpcpapftIm, Cntbm, shpntbm tNv IgnpXv hmbptIm]apWvSmImXncnm klmbnpw. Ingv A[nIw `npXv tZmjamWv. Ce Acnv shpn, an, Imbw Ch tNv Idnqmbn IgnpXv  Aikvkphpw Ic tcmKaphpw \XmWv. 

  • Dcpfngv     

          bqtdm]y cmPyfnse {][m\s APmlmchpw \apsmcp ]dnbpamWv Dcpfpgv. Nne tcmKsXnsc {]tbmKnmhp \smcp Huj[w IqSnbmWnXv. hbnse Ak, ae_\v[w Fnh amm Dcpfngns \ocv Blmcn\p apv Acv hoXw Znhkhpw ctWvSm aqtm t\cw hoXw Ignm aXn. s]men\pw, XzIv tcmKġpw ] Dcpfngv tXv ]nSnnpXv \XmWv. ]pgpnb Dcpfngv  djybn lyt{ZmKnI acpmbn IgnmdpWvSv. 

Cehw    

  • XgpXma        

       \smcp Cednbmbn {]knnbmnp hcp kkyamWv XgpXma. Huj[ kkysa \nebn ]WvSpapXt XgpXma t]cptIXmWv. CXns Ce atsXmcp Cednbpw t]mse Xs ]mIw sNbvXv `nmhpXmWv. XgpXmabpsS Fm `mKhpw Huj[aqeyapXmWv. Cu sNSnbn s]mmknbw ss\t{Sv [mcmfapWvSv. CmcWw sImWvSmWv aq{X hnkP\s DtPnnp Huj[ambn CXns\ D]tbmKsSpn hcpXv. IqSmsX ]p\\hn F Hcp B¡tembnUpw XgpXmabn ASnbnpWvSv.  

       XgpXmabne tXmc hp IgnpXv BahmXw, \ocv Chbvv \XmWv. kkyw CSnp ]ngnv AcnsSp \ocv Znhkw cWvSpt\cw hoXw ]Xnhmbn Ignm hrtcmKfn \npw Bizmkw e`npw. I^ {][m\amb Imkns ia\n\v XgpXma thcpw hbpw tNcv tXtNv IgnpXv \XmWv. shfp XgpXma kaqew CSnp ]ngnv \Xp t]mse Acnv ]iphn s\v tNv In ]pcnbm ant\{XtcmKfpw amdpw.          

  • XIc   

       ]etmgpw Hcp Ifbmbn IWmsSmdp XIc t]mjIKpWap Hcp CednbmWv. CXns Huj[KpWsn BbqthZ {K٧fn ]dbppWvSv. hnpw, Cebpw, thcpw Huj[aqeyapXmWv. Cebnepw hnnepw ss{Itkms^\nIv Aavfn\p Xpeyamb FtamUn F KvfqtmsskUv ASnbnpWvSv. CeIfn IXmn\p kZyiamb Hcp Awihpw Hcp kpK\v[ ssXehpw DWvSv.

        XIcbne ]Xnhmbn tXmc hp IgnpXv IpjvTw, FIvkna, tkmdnbmknkv, sNmdn XpSnb ]eXcw Xzv tcmKsf CmXmm klmbnpw. ]pgpSnbp `mKv XIcbpsS hncv ]pcpXpw \XmWv.    

  • Idnthv              

       Idnthns\tmse C{Xtbsd Huj[KpWap CednI Gsdbn. AXpsImWvSmhmw tIcfob Fm IdnIfnepw Idnthne tNpXv. Fm Ignm t\cw IdnIfn \npw Idnthne FSpv IfbpXv icnb. AXpw Nhcv IgnpI Xs thWw. 

         Idnthnebn Iqhf CebnepXpt]msebp Hcp kpK\v[ _mjv]ioe ssXeapWvSv. IqSmsX KvfqtmsskUv, sdkn Chbpw ASnbncnpp. Zl\in hnnpXn\pw Blmcnep hnjmwiw CmXmpXn\pw cpNn hnnpXn\pw Ch klmbnpp. Idnthns Ce IqSmsX acns sXmen, thcv Fnhbvpw Huj[aqeyapWvSv.

          Idnthne {][m\ambn tNpWvSmp ssIUncymZnIjmbw hbdpISn, anw Fo tcmKsXnsc ^e{]Zambn D]tbmKnphcp Hcp BbptZ Huj[amWv. Idnthns Ipcpne Acv sNdnb Hcp Dcpf Znhkhpw cmhnse Blmcn\papv Ignm AXnkmcw \n¡pw. Idnthne Acv tImgnap ASnptNv ]bmtbm, s]mcntm IgnpXpw \v.    

  • apcn        

          Cebpw ]qhpw Imbpw Hcpt]mse `ytbmKyamb Npcpw Nne kkyfn HmWv apcn. Huj[KpWn AZznXobamb apcnbpsS Fm `mKfpw Huj[aqeyapXmWv. apcnbnebn hnman F-bpw kn-bpw [mcmfapWvSv. thcn ZpK\v[ap Hcp _mjv]ioe ssXehpw sXmenbn B¡tembnUv, Aavfw FnhbpapWvSv. apcnbne ]dnsSpv DSXs ashůn IgpIn Dnm NqSpInbntem, tNmdntem Ipgp \nXyw Ignm ckw Ipdbpw. IqSmsX _pn hnIknm\pw Ins ImgvN hnm\pw CXv klmbnpw. IpnIfn hncieyw aqeapWvSmIp hnf, sXmenpds \ndw amw, hninmbva, Xf Fnh amm Hcp kv]q apcnbnemdv kaw tX\pw tNv Znhkhpw cmhnse \Inbm aXn.  apcnpcp ssXew BahmXw, k\v[nhmXw, s]cpapv Fo AkpJġv ]pdsa ]pcm D]tbmKnmw. apcn thcns sXmen hn[n {]Imcw Ijmbw shv Ignm slWnb F tcmKn\v kmcamb IpdhpWvSmIpw.