Xncnv

     ]dn hnp¸mZ\w s]mXp XXz   


 
         \mw Ignp `Wn ]dnI IqSpX DsSpn KpWw hnnWsaXpw AXnt\mS\p_\v[nv ]dnbpsS Dev]mZ\w hnnWsaXpw \psS tZiob \bn Dsmnnp Hcp {][m\ XXzamWv. GXv hnfbpsSbpw Dev]mZ\aXsb apXpiXam\ne[nIw kzm[o\np hnpKpWn\v ]dn hnfbpsS Imcynepw {]m[m\yw \tIWvSXpWvSv. KpWta hnns ASnm\LSIamWv. `mcX kmcns \mjW koUv s{]mPIvSv dntmv A\pkcnv Hmtcm hjhpw
20,000 Sne[nIw ]dn hnv ChnsS Bhiyambnhcpp. slIvSsdmn\v icmicn 0.6 S hnpev]mZnnpXn\mbn 2583 slIvS ew knss^Uv shPn_n koUv t{]m{Kman\p Iogn hcpWw. AtXmsSmw 20 slIvSdn \nv 11.92 S ^utWvSj koUpw 1.05 slIvSdn \nv 0.09 S {_oUkoUpw Dev]mZnnWw FXmWv IWv.

           ]dnbpsS CybnemIam\ap {]XnZn\ D]t`mKw IWnseSpm Ghpw Ipdhv tIcnemWv. (Bsfmn\v 30 {Kmw ). Fmw ]Xnbn CXv 150 {Kmw Bbn DbWw FmWv Xocpam\w. 2000 BWvSn tIcfn\mhiyambn hcmhp ]dn 31.1 ew SmsWv IWmnbnpWvSv.    

           ]dnhnfbn KthjWw \SnsmWvSncnp hfscb[nIw m]\ CybnepWvSv. \mjW koUvkv tImtdj, sF.F.B.sF., sF.sF.Fv.B, kwm\ ImjnI                    

           khIemimeI XpSnb km m]\ IqSmsX CtUm Atacn ssl{_nUv koUvkv, almcmjv{S ssl{_nUv koUvkv, cmPmkv koUvkv, ]b\o koUv I\n, skzdn koUvkv, k Bv kkv, A koUvkv, {]oPv koUvkv, kv]nv XpSnb kzImcy I\nIfpw ]coW\ncoWfpambn Cu cwKpWvSv.                         

           tIcfn ]dnrjnmbn D]tbmKnp hnns 20-25 iXam\w am{Xta AwKoIrX GPknI hgn hnXcWw sNsSppp. _mn knwl`mKhpw Irjnm XfpsS Irjnbn \nv XsbmWv D¸mZnnpXv.                                  

           GsXmcp hnp¸mZ\ {]{Inbbnepw {][m\ambn aqv LSI DWvSv. hnp¸mZ\w, kwkvcWw, kw`cWw FnhbmWh.

  • hnpev]mZ\w

           hnpev]mZ\ns {][m\ eyw 100 iXam\hpw P\nXI ]cnipnbp hnpWvSmpI FXmWv. Hcp kmn hnn \npw hfnb sNSnI Fmw GXmWvSv Htc coXnbn  hfv Htc BIrXnbpw, \ndhpw, henhpap ImbvI Xcppshn B hnn\v P\nXI ]cnipn DsWvSv ]dbmw. Fm ]e sNSnI ]e \ndnepw BIrXnbnepw hennepap ImbvI BWv XcpsXn B Irjnp]tbmKn hnn\v P\nXI ]cnipn AYhm C\ipnbn FpthWw a\nemm.

           hnv tiJcWn\p Irjnbn ]e Imcyfpw {intWvSXpWvSv. tIcfnse Imemhbn sk]vw_- HIvtSm_ apX amv-G{]n hscbp kabamWv hnv Irjnbvv ]nb kabw. ImbvI ]gpp kabv ag DWvSmIcpXv. hnpWm ]mIn\v shbn thWw.                               

           hnn\mbn Irjnbndptm B C\ns kz`mh hntij a\knemWw. hnns \ndw, hnp apfphcp ssXbpsS \ndw, CebpsS BIrXn, \ndw, ImbpsS BIrXn, \ndw, sNSnbpsS hfmcoXn XpSnb Imcy {inWw. hnsSpm\pff Irjnbn Iep sNSnI DsWvSn Ahsb Xncv \innWw. CXns\ tdmKnwKv FmWv ]dbpXv. NpcpnbXv \mepXhWsbnepw \n_\v[ambn tdmKnwKv sNtWvSXmWv. Xmsg ]dbp \mep LfnemWv tdmKnwKv \StWvSXv.    

1. hnv apfv sNSn hfp hcp  cWvSpaqmgvNmew

2. sNSnI hfv ]qhnSpXn\v  sXmp apv 

3. sNSnI ]pjv]nv Imbv ]nSnm XpSp kabw   

4. ImbvI aqv ]gpv hnn\mbn FSpp  kabw 

           ]c]cmKWw \SmXncnm thWvS AIew \Iphm\pw Iep sNSnI bYmkabw \innm\pw {inm Ienm hnv Dev]mZnnm Xobmbpw km[npw.

hnpev]mZ\n\v Nne C\fn Ahiyw \tIWvS AIew 

]cmKW coXn 

  hnf

^utWvSj hnv    

knss^Uv hnv

kzbw ]cmKWw

]ok

20 ao    

25 ao

kzbw ]cmKWw

]b,sImac,
tUmfntmkv ]b, 
{^v _okv,Xmfn 

50 ao.   

25 ao.            

]c]cmKWw

hgpX\  

200 ao. 

100 ao.

]c]cmKWw 

Noc, shWvS 

400 ao.   

100 ao.

]c]cmKWw 

Im]vknw, 

800 ao. 

400 ao.

           

shcn hw 

    

     

]c]cmKWw

Dn, Imcv, 

1000 ao. 

400 ao.

]c]cmKWw 

tImfn^vfh, t\mtm, Imt_Pv

1600 ao. 

1000 ao.

        NntbmsSbp hnf]cn]me\hpw, kkykwcWhpw Irjnbn A\phntWvSXpWvSv.  

        ImbvI icnbmbn aqspXn\papv hnfshSppXp t]mse Xs tZmjIcamWv, aqsnbtijw hnfshSpm A[nIw sshIpXpw.

        Xmfn, hgpX\, apfIv FnhbpsS ImbvI apgph\pw \mbn ]gptijta hnfshSpmhq. ]mh, ]Shew FnhbmIs apm `mKn\pta ]gp\ndw hym]nm hnfshSpmw. shcn, Ipfw, a, Xna FnhbpsS Imbv ]gpv sRphmSnbpWptm am{Xta hnfshSpmhp. ]b, shWvS Fnhbn Imbv DWnb DSs\ Xs hnfshSpmw. DWnb ImbvI IqSpX Znhkw sNSnbn \npXv \. ]on, Npcbv FnhbpsS ImbvI \mbn DWn, hnv Imbn\pn Inepm XpSptm hnfshSpmw.                      

        ]dn Irjn sNptm homhiyn\p hnv tiJcnm\mbn tXmnse Ghpw \ sNSnI ASbmfsSpn \nmhpXmWv. AXpt]mse BZys cWvSpw, aqpw ImbvI ]dnbmhiyn\v D]tbmKnmw. ]noSv ImbvI hnn\mbn \nmhpXmWv. Ahkm\s cWvSpaqv hnfshSpnse ImbvI hnn\mbn D]tbmKnpIbpacpXv.                       

  • hnsSp   

        ]dnsSp hnf Imbn \npw hnv ths]Spn icnbmb coXnbn DWn \ hnpI am{Xw Xncpamp {]{InbsbbmWv hnpkwkvcWw FXpsImWvSv DtinpXv.                      

  • hnv ImbvtNmdn\npw ths]SppXn\v aqv coXnI Ahew_nmw  

1. ]pfnn              

         ]mh, ]Shew, Ipfw, a, shcn ChbpsS ]gp ImbvI apdnv hnSnb amwkf`mKw (tNmdv) amn Hcp ]m{Xnemn Hcp cm{Xn ]pfnm\mbn hbvpp. ]ntv ]pfnp]X {ZmhIw \mbn Ien shsamgnv IgpInbtijw ASnbn ASnbp hnv tiJcnpp. IqSpX hnv FSptWvStm sNp coXnbmWnXv. homhiyn\v Ipdp Imbn \nv hnsSpm\msWn ]pfnnm hbvmdn.

2.  BknUv tNv ]pfnn           

         Cu coXnbn tNmdv shůn CSpXn\p]Icw 100 an.en. KmVsslt{UmIvtfmdnIv Aavfw 10 Intem{Kmw ]ĸn\v F tXmXn Ien Ac aWnq Ignv hnv t\cs ]dXpt]mse shůn IgpIn DWpp.                         

3.  B¡en (mcw) tNv ]pfnn      

         Cu coXnbn BknUn\p]Icw tkmUnbw Im_tWv Asæn AepImcw 17 Hukv 1 Kme shůn Ien A{X Afhn\v ]ĸv tNv 10-12 aWnq shtijw shůn Xncpn IgpIn hrnbmnsbSppp.                     

         shffcn, a, Ipfw, Npc, ]on FnhbpsS hnfImbvI As\ Xs kqnphbvmdpWvSv. Imbn\pnshv hnns aqv IpdpIqSn IqSpIbpw, {]XnIqeamb Aco nXnbn \nv hnn\p ]cnc InpIbpw sNpp. IrjnbndpXn\v cWvSmgvNapv Imbv apdnv hnsSpv XWen DWn D]tbmKnmw. hnn\p shWvS, ]b, apfIv FnhbptSbpw ImbI DWn kqnmdpWvSv.                      

         hnpWptm Nne Imcy {intWvSXpWvSv.  A[nIamb NqSn hnv s]sv DWcpXv.  Ipd Dujvamhn kmh[m\w DWn FSpp hnn\v KpWtaa \ne\nm km[npw.  XWen ]\ntem, Nmntem atm hnpWpXmWv A`nImayw.      

         DWnb hnv tNns]dpn hrnbmWw.  aqsm hnpI, Iv, aI, sNSnIfpsS AhinjvS, av GsXnepw hnpI Fnh amn Htc hepnep hnpam{Xw XncsSppI.           

         ]b hnn sNpIpmXncnm\pw acpv tNmw.  Hcp Intem{Kmw hnn\v 10 {Kmw F tXmXn Im_mdn s]mSn IepI.  Asæn GsXnepw kky F-, shfns, ISesb, \sî, ths Chbn GsXnepw Hv, Hcp Intem{Kmw hnn\v 10 an.en. F tXmXn tNv ssIsImWvSv \mbn Xncpn ]pcn hbvpI.  {]mWn IoSsf AIn \nm Ignhp thns Ipcp, Bcythns Ce, Icns\mnbne, tkmv Imbns s]mSn (Sapindus laurifolius), ]pIbne s]mSnXv, hbv s]mSn Fnhbpw hnns IqsS tNpshm KpWw sNpw.             

         ]mh, ]Shew, a, Ipfw Fo hnpI ]NmWIn s]mXnv DWn kqnp \mS coXn hfsc ^ew sNpw.