Xncnv

      Xna Irjn  

 
     
th\¡mev Itmffn hnev]\bvmbn Irjn sNbvXphcp, shcn hns Hcp hnfbmWv Xna. Ipp _ntkntb IpSpw_ns kn{Spekv et\vkv
(Citrullus lanatus) F imkv{X \man AdnbsSp Xnas PtZiw B{^nbnse DjvWtaJem {]tZifmWv.  hSt CUybnepw Xangv\mnepw [mcmfambn Irjn sNbvXp hcp Cu hnf, tIcfnse aIcsImbvXv Ignnp s\]mSfnepw, ]pgtbmcfnepw hmWnPymSnm\n Irjn sNmhpXmWv. tIcfnse Imemhbpw apw Xna Irjnv XnIpw A\ptbmPyamWv. ]dn hnfbmsWnepw hfsc A]qamtb CXv ]dnbmbn D]tbmKnsSppq. ] ]pdwtXmSpw chamb AImtmSpIqSnb hnf a[pcap ImbvI Hcp {]IrXnZ Zmlia\nbmbn IWmsSpp. sXmqnbmdv iXam\tmfw (96%) Pemwiap CXns ImbvIfn apshcn hhnfIsf At]nv IqSpX Ccpv kpw ]kmcbpw ASnbncnpp. am{Xa `mhlw, Imkyw, PohI Fnhbpw sNdnb tXmXn ASnbnpWvSv.  

  • Imemhbpw apw  

        Aconse Cuhpw agbpw Ipd hcWvS ImemhbmWv Xnas hfbvv A\ptbmPyw. tIcfn Unkw_ apX amv hscbp kabv Xna  Irjn sNmhpXmWv. kqcy{]Imiw [mcmfambn e`np Xpdmb ew thWw Irjnmbn XncsSpm. ImbvI DWvSmIp kabp ag Xnas KpWhpw a[pchpw Ipdbm CSbmpw.

        \ombp aW Ie ]inacmin amWv Irjnv A`nImayw.  anse Aavf-mc kqNnI 6.5-\pw 7.0 \pw CSbvmWv Ghpw \Xv Aavf ckap anepw Xn a \mbn hfcpp.  

\So hkvXp  

        \mbn hnfp ]gp ImbvIfn \nsSp hnv \Sm D]tbmKnmw.  hnns hentbpw Irjn coXntbbpw B{ibnv hnv\ncn\v hyXymkapWvSv.  tIcfn Irjn sNsSp'jpK t__n'  F C\n\v Hcp Gdntev 500 {Kmw hnv Bhiyambn hcpw.

C\ 

        ImbvfpsS hennhpw \ndnepw kzmZnepw hyXymkap H\h[n C\ Cv e`yamWv. CXn tIcfn\p tbmPn GXm\pw C\fpsS t]cpw ap {]tXyIXIfpw NphsS tNncnpp.

  1.  'jpK t__n': icmicn 4-8 In.{Kmw Xqw hcp ImbvpIfpsS ]pdw sXmWvSn\v CcpWvS \ndhpw AImn\v ISpw Nphp \ndhpamWv.  aqp apX \mev amkmew ssZLyap CXns  D¸mZ\ aX 60 S/ G BWv.  CScw henap ImbvIfpsS sXmWvSn\v In IpdhmWv FXpw Cu C\ns {]tXyIXI BWv.  

  2. Am am\nv : Cfw ] \ndn ISpw ] \ndnep hcItfmSp IqSnb ImbvI 6 In.{Kmw. hsc Xqw ImWnpp.  

  3. Akmln bamtm;  ]pdw sXmWvSn\v Cfw ]\ndhpw AImn\v \ ]nv \ndhp ap ImbvIfpsS icmicn Xqw 7-8 In.{Kmw BWv.  

  4. ZpKmc]pc aoT; 110-120 Znhk aqp Cu C\ns ImbvI Nmc\ndnep ]pdw sXmWvSpw Nph ImtmSpw IqSnbXmWv.  ImbvIfpsS icmicn Xqw 6-8 In.{Kmw. hcpw.  

  5. ]n.sI.Fw.-1 : 120-135 Znhkw aqp henb ImbvItfmSpIqSnb Cu C\w Hcp slIvSdn \nv 36-38 S hnfhv XpScpp.

       ta¸d C\ IqSmsX Nm̬s{K, \yq lmwjb anUvPv, Cw{]qhvUv jn, Zpm]pcm tIk XpSnb C\fpw {]NmcnepWvSv.  Am tPymXn, a[p, ane Fnh `mcXn hnIknnsSp kcbn\fmWv. Am tPymXn 90 Znhkw sImWvSv icmicn 48 S hnfhp \Ipp. CUy ImjnI KthjW m]\w hnIknnSp hnnm Hcp kcbn\amWv ]qkm _Zm\.  

  • \So coXn  

        IfI sNn amn Infv ]cphsSpnb ev aqv ao  AIembn cWvSv ao CShnv IpgnsbSpmhpXmWv. 60 sk.an. \ofhpw 60 sk.ao. hoXnbpw 45 sk.ao. XmgvNbp IpgnI FSpv. ta apw  ASn hfhpw tNv Ipgn aqSWw. Hcp  Ipgnbn 4-5 hnpI ]mIn Ah apfp hcptm BtcmKyap aqv ssXI  am{Xw \ndpn _mnbph ]dnp IfbWw  

  • hf{]tbmKw

        Xnas Irjn coXnsb Ipdnv IrjncoXnsbIpdnv Irjn hnRvPm\ tI{\w ]pdapw lcnX kwLnse IjIcpsS ]mfntmsS \Snb ]T\n ssPhhf D]tbmKnv Irjn sNpXv Ghpw ^e{]Zambn IWvSp. AXn {]Imcw Xna Irjnv A\ptbmPyamb  hf{]tbmK coXnbmWv Xmsg sImSpnpXv.

        XSn hnnSpXn\v ap]v ASnhfambn 3 Intem{Kmw NmWIhpw tNv, anfnbXn\v tijw XSw aqSWw. CtXmsSmw Ac Intem thn ]nmv IqSn tNpXv tcmK{]Xntcm[ tijn hnnpI, am{Xa ans hfqdv hnnpIbpw sNpw. hnv apfv 3-4 Ce ]cphamIptm AXmbXv 15-25 Znhkġp tijw, 3 Inte{Kmw anc Itmpw 100 {Kmw ISenmpw   tahfambn tNWw. sNSnI hffn hoin XpSptm (30-35 Znhkġv tijw) 3 Intem{Kmw anc Itmkvv IqSn tNv av Iqn sImSpWw.

       anc Itmkvn\v ]Icw Itmkvtm av ssPhhftfm tNmhpXmWv.  cmkhffpsS AanX{]tbmKw  Imbvs]men\v ImcWamtbmw.  

  • PetkN\w.  

        BZy Imefn 2-3 Znhknsemcn \\psImSpWw. Imbv]nSpw XpSptm ans \\h\pkcnv PetkN\w IpdbvmhpXmWv.  an Cuw IqSpXv Imbs]men\v ImcWamIpI am{Xa a[pcw Ipdbm\pw CSbmpw.

  • ]pXbnS  

        sNSnIġv ]Scm\pw ]pgtbmcfn Iyjn sNptm ImbIġv aWens NqtS¡mXncnm\pambn bYmkabw ]pXbnpsImSptWvSXv A\nhmcyamWv.  

  • kkykwcWw  

      Xna\v \psS \mn XmcXta\y IoSfpw tcmKepw IpdhmWv. Fm shffcnh hnfIsf B{Ianp a hWvSv, Imbo Fnh hfsc hncfambn Xnat\bpw B{IanmdpWvSv. sNdnb ImbIfpsS ]pdpff tcma Hcp ]cn[nhsc ImboIsf AIpp. B{IaWw cqampI BsWn Im_dn 4 {Kmw Hcp en  shffn Ien Xfnv a hWvSpItfbpw, ]gsWn D]tbmKnv ImboItfbpw \nb{nmhpXmWv.  

  • hnfshSp

        hnnv 35-45 Znhkġpffn s]]q hncnp XpSpw. 30-40 Znhkw {]mbamb ImbvIfWv ]dnphm ]mIambXv. 90-120 ZnhkfmWv hnfbpsS icmicn ssZLyw. IyXykabpff hnfshSpv  \ KpWtaabpff ImbvI e`ntWvSXn\v hfsc {][m\yalnpp. hnfshSpmdmb ImbvItfmSv tNpff hffnI hmSnpSpp. am{Xa \nep sXmpInSp ImbvIfpsS ASn `mKs shff \ndw Cfw abmbn amdpIbpw sNpw. Imbn sRmn t\mnbpw hnf ImbvIsf Xncndnbw, \mbn hnf ImbvIfn hnc sImWvSp sRmptm ]Xp]X i_vZw tIġmw Fm ]mIamIm ImbvIfn \nv teml IpSn XpXpt]mepff Dd i_vZw tIġmw.

        jpK t__n F C\n \nv icmicn Av In. {Kmw Xqapff 6-8 ImbI hsc e`npp. As\ Htcdn \nv Dtiw 60 S hsc hnfshSpmw.

  • hnv tiJcWw

        \Xpt]mse hnfp ]gp ImbvIfn \nmWv hnsSptWvSXv. hnpw AXnt\mSv tN  amwk`mKfpw Ien Hcp Znhkw hXn\p tijw  Xmsg ASnbp hnpI am{Xw FSppI. B hnpI \mbn IgpInbpWn Hcp In.{Kmw hnn\v 2.5 {Kmw ssXdmw F tXmXn Ipan \min\n ]pcn t]mfno Ihdn kqnmhpXmWv.

  • hchv  Nnehv IWpI        
            Iyjn hnm\ tI{\vZw ]pdaw lcnX kwLn \Snb Xna IyjnbpsS hchv
    -Nnehv IWpI (Htcdntev) NphsS sImSpncnpp.

 

Afhv
Intem,{Kmw

hne \ncv
(cq])

BsI XpI

1. \nesamcp  CSshfn 3 ao 2 ao 

]Wnm-20 (Htcdn Dff sNSnIfpsS  Fw-666)  

120

2400

2 F. hnv  

0.5  

1000

500  

  _n. hf  

     (1)    ASnhfw 

anc Itmkvv (3 In.tem/{Kmw)  

2000 

5

10000  

NmWIw (4 In.tem {Kmw/XSw)  

2664  

1

2664

thn ]nmv (0.5 In.{Kmw/XSw)

335

10

3350  

     (2)   ta hfw

anc Itmkvv (5 Intem,{Kmw /XSw)

2000

5

10000

ISe]nmv (100 {Kmw/XSw)

70

10

700

anc Itmkv (3 In {Kmw/XSw)  

2000  

10000  

     (3)   ]cnNcW NnehpI  

(\So, hfanS, PetkN\w, hffn ]S, hnfshSpv, hn]\ apXembh)  

10000  

BsI

48,914  

  • hchv

Hcp sNSnbn DWvSmIp ImbvI

ImbpsS icmicn Xqw

icmicn hnfhv/sNSn

icmicn hnfhv/XSw

icmicn hnfhv/G(666 XSw/G)

amv hne

hchv/G

6 Fw

5 In.{Kmw

30 In {Kmw

90 In {Kw

59,940 In {Kmw

5 cq]

2,99,700 cq]

 
 

 

   




 

 

 

Xna Iyjn coXn-kwn]vXw

C\w

\tSWvS kabw

CSshfn

IpgnbpsS henw

hnns Fw/Ipgn


hf {]tbmKw
ASn hfw


ta hfw

HmatXv- hnnv 15-25 Znhkġv tijw (3-4  CebmIptm)

cWvSmatXv- hnnv 30-35 Znhkġv tijw (hffn hoin XpSptm)

PetkN\w

]qhnSm XpS kabw

hnfhv

BZys hnfshSpv

hnf ssZLyw

jpK t__n

Unkw_

3 ao 2 ao

60 60 45 sk ao

5 Fw (apfp hcptm BtcmKyapff 3 Fw \ndppI)

3 In {Kmw anc Itmkv +
4 In. {Kmw NmWIw+ 0.5 {Kmw thn ]nmv



3 In {Kmw anc Itmkvv
100 {Kmw ISe ]nmv


3 In {Kmw anc Itmkvv
100 {Kmw ISe ]nmv


XSw \\bv

35-45  Znhk

 

 
70-75 Znhk

90-120 Znhk