Xncnv

   I¸ hrn\v kwcWw 

hfbpsS hnhn[ Lfn sXns\ D]{Zhnp i{XpIoSfpsS Fw Adnm \mw ApXsSpw-Aqn \m¸n Ggv. temIv FhnsSsbms tIc IrjnbpWvtSm AhnsSbmIam\w Ch hym]nncnpp FXmWv ]camw. CXn Cybnse t\mpnI 65 BWv. Chbn Xs {][m\sXpw \psS \mnse tIcIrjnv nsc ieymcmbn XonpXpw sImsNn, sNsNn, HmeXo\npgp, tImIvtN^hWvSv, ]ppemgn, aoenap, aWvScn, Fenbtmse IcWvSp Xnp PohnI apXembhbmWv,  

taevd Hmtcm i{Xp IoShpw sXn\v hcpn hbvp \miw sNdpX.  AXpsImWvSp Xs ChbpsS bYmkabap \nb{Whpw hfsc {]m[m\yalnpp. kwtbmPnX IoS\nb{Ww F Bibn\mWv Gsd {]kn. Hmtcm kokWneqw DWvSmIp IoSfsS {]tXyIXIfpw {]h\ ssienbpw AdnncnpI, ipNnXzap Irjn k{Zmbw A\phnpI, ssPh IoS\nb{W hn[nI \SmpI, cmkIoS\min\nIfpsS AantXm]tbmKw IpdbvpI XpSnb Imcyġv tIchrns IoS\nb{Wn henb ]pWvSv.

i{XpIoSsf ]cnNbsSmw  

sImsNn

tIchrns Hcp apJy i{Xp. sXv FhnsSbpWvtSm AhnsSsbmw Idp hWvSv AYhm sIm sNnbpWvSv.  hnScm \mtmebpw ]qpebpw Xpfv apdnhpWvSmpI FXmWv sImsNnbpsS {]h\ ssien. sNn Ipnb \mtme hnSv hcptm I{XnI sImWvSv  apdnXpt]mse ImWpw.  \mtme XpfpWvSmb Zzmchpw AXn\p Nppw Nhp Xpnb \mcpw DWvSmhpw. sNnpt ]qpeI ImWpw.  HmeIġpWvSmIp tISp]mSv sXns BtcmKytbpw Imbv^etbpw Ipdbvpp. Pq apX sk]vw_ hscbmWv sImsNnbpsS D]{ZhImew.  sNnsb bYmkabw \nb{nm\mbm Xs Hcp sXn \nv 5-8 hsc \mfntIcw e`npsamWv IWv.

\nb{Ww  

  • hnhn[ \nb{W am ka\zbnnv sImWvSp Hcp kwtbmPnX IoS\nb{W ]cn]mSnbmWv ChnsS thWvSXv.

  • sXns AhinjvS, Iq\nqSnnSp ssPh ]Zm XpSnbh sNn hwihZv[\hv \Sp XmhffmWv, AXn\m Ch HgnhmpI, hrnbmnbnSpI.

  • sNntm D]tbmKnv sNnsb IpnsbSpv \innpI. sNnbpWvSmnb kpjncw 20 {Kmw skhntUm, 3 {Kmw amtmsk_v, Hcp Intem aW Fnh tN an{inXw hv \ndbvpI.

sXns Xep cWvSp aqv \mtmeIfnse IhnfpIfn C\ndbphbn Hcp an{inXw \ndbvpI.

  • 25 {Kmw skhntUm Hw 200 {Kmw aW

  • 3 ]mm KpfnII Hw  aW

Hcp hjw aqv {]mhiyw CXp sNWw. G{]n-tabv, sk]vw_-HIvtSm_, Unkw_-P\phcn.

NmWIw, Itmv XpSnbh IpSnnSp ev 0.01 % hocyn Im_mdn F IoS\min\n XfnpI. (1 {Kmw acpv 5 en shůn F tXmXn)

'_mptem sshdkv' Fp t]cmb sshdkns\ D]tbmKnv sImsNnsb \nb{nmw. CXn\v sshdkv AWp ASp emb\nbn hWvSpIsf Ipdpt\cw hnv tcmKmWpsf hmlIcmnb tijw tXmn ]dn hnSmw. Hcn slIvS sXn tXmn Ccw ]tm ]Xn\tm hWvSpIsf ]dn hntSWvSn hcpw

'samssdkw Ass\tkmntb' Fp t]cmb Ipan, sNnbpsS A]q hfmZiIsf \innphm klmbIamWv. CXv sNn apbnSp emWv {]tbmKntWvSXv.

^ndtam sIWnI D]tbKnpw sNnsb \innmw. Hcp slIvSdntev 5 sIWn thWvSn hcpw. mnv sXmnbn Hc ann FtU^m 35 C.kn. F IoS\min\nbpw cWvSp en shhpw Ienb an{inXw sXn sInqnbnSWw.  ]dp hcp sNn CXn hoWp NmIqw.  

sNsNn  

sXn XSnbn ZzmcapWvSmn AXn\pnencpv Imv Xnp {]mWnbmWv sNsNn. sNnbpsS \nch[n ]pgp Htc kabw D`mKncpp Imv XnpXv \nanw sXns aWvS Xs adnp t]mIm\pw km[yXbpWvSv. Aevw {inm sXn sN sNnbpsS kmn[yw a\nemmw.

XSnbn hrmIrXnbn Zzmc DWvSmbncnpI. Ahbn \nv Xhnv \ndnep {ZmhIw Dudn hcpI, \mtmeI hmSpI, CS`mKp Htm ctWvSm Hme afnv ImWpI, Ccw HmeI ]nSnp henm DucntmcpI, Nhcv Xnb \ocv XSnbnse ZzmcneqsS ]pdp hcpI, ]pgp XSnbpsS Dnencnv Imv Xnp i_vZw tIġpI XpSnb eW sNsNn DWvSv FXns kqNI.  

\nb{Ww  

sXpw sXntXmpw ipNnbmbn kqnpI FXmWv {][m\w. bYmkabw sXn aWvS hrnbmpI, sImnIpnb AhinjvS tXmn \nv \opI XpSnbh sNWw. 

sXnXSnbn apdnhpWvSmImsX t\mWw. ImcWw apdnhpIfn apbnv s]cpIm sNnnjvSamWv. 

sNnIbdnb sXns\ IoS\min\n {]mtbmKw hgn cnmw. CXn\v 1 %  Im_mdn (20 {Kmw Hcp en shůn) F hocyn IoS\min\n Xmdmn XSnbn IpnhbvWw. Hcp sXn\v GItZiw Hcp en emb\n thWw.  XSnbn ImWp Zzmc Fmw ASv InS_m[bp `mKp \nv Aev]w apIfnembn 45 Un{Kn Ncnhn 10 sk.an. Bgn ZzmcapWvSmn tNmv ISn hv AXn IqSn acpv emb\n Hgnv sImSpWw. HcmgvNptijw sXv ]cntim[nv Bhiysav IWvSm Hcn IqSn acpv {]tbmKnWw. 

tXmn ]dp \Sp sNnIsf ^ndtam sIWnI D]tbmKnp ]nSnmw.  5-7 en hsc Dhym]vXnbp mknnv sXmnI CXn\p]tbmKnmw. CXns apI hn\v Xmsg 5 sk.an. \ofhpw cWvSc sk.an. hoXnbpw \In Xpey AIen \mep hmXnepI DWvSmn _ns ]pdw `mKw NWmv HnsSppI. _ns aqSnbpsS \Sp`mKv sNdnb Hcp ZzmcapWvSmn \q¡n sImWvSv ^ndtam sIWn XqnbnSpI.  Hcp en shůn 100 ann Iv, 2 {Kmw bov, 5 ann Aknv BknUv XpSnbh tN an{inXn 10 {Kmw Im_mdn IqsS tNv _nsemgnWw.  In\v ]Icw 100 {Kmw ss]\mntfm apncntbm Icntm D]tbmKnmepw aXn. ]pfn aWw Adnsp sNnI CXntev BIjnsSpp. Xdbn \npw Hc ao Dbcn sXn XSnbn thWw sIWnI Xqm. Hc  BgvN Ignv sIWnbnse an{inXw amn ]pXnbsXmgnWw. ssXsXn sIWn D]tbmKncpXv.

sXtmepgp  

th\¡mev sXpIfn IpSpXembn ImWp Hcp i{XpIoSamWv Hmepgp.  IStemc{]tZkv hfcp sXnemWv CXv Gsd ImWpXv.

HmebpsS ASn`mKv, ]pgp kzbapWvSmp \qepw hnkyhkvXpfpw HmebpsS s]mSn `mKfpw IqSpsIpw. Fnv AhnSncpv lcpSIw Xnv Xopw.  {ItaW HmebpsS ]pdw `mKw DWncnbpw.

KpcpXcambn ]pgp _m[tb Hme shn Xobnp \innWw.

_mnbp HmeIfn 'ssUtem thmkv' F IoS\min\n 0.02%  (2 ann 10 en shůn) hocyn Xmdmn HmebpsS ASnhis IqSpI \\bpw hn[w XfnWw.

acpp Xfnv aqmgvN Ignm ]pgphns\ \innm Ignhp {]mWnIsf D]tbmKnmw. ]pgphns\ hyXykvX hfm ZiIsf _m[np ]cPohnIfpWvSv. ]pgphns\ _m[np'tKmWntbmkkv s\s^mnUnkv' F _¯enUv ]cPohn, kam[n Zibv¡v sXm«v ap³]pff ]pgphns\ _m[n¡p¶ 'Cemkvakv s\s^mânUnkv' F¶ Cemkvakv ]cPohn, kam[n Zisb Xs¶ _m[n¡p¶ '{_m¡ntadnb s\mkt«mbv' F¶ NmÂknUv ]cPohn F¶nhbmWv sXt§me¸pgphns\ ^eh¯mSn \in¸n¡m³ IgnhpÅ ]cPohnIÄ. IoS¯nsâ F®w ]cntim[n¨Xn\p tijw AhbpsS F®¯n\m\p]mXnIambn thWw ]cPohnIsf sX§n³ tXm¸n Xpd¶p hnSm³.
      
tI{µ tXm«hnf KthjW C³Ìnäyq«nsâ ImbwIpfs¯ {]mtZinI tÌj³, Irjn hIp¸nsâ IognepÅ ]mcmsskäv {_oUn§v tÌj\pIÄ F¶nhnsS \n¶mWv IÀjIÀ¡v Cu ]cPohnIsf e`n¡p¶Xv.

thcpXo\n¸pgp

sX§nsâ thcpIsf D]{Zhn¡p¶hbmWv thcpXo\n¸pgp¡Ä. bYmkabw \nb{´n¨nsæn sX§nsâ Hme aªfn¡pIbpw hfÀ¯ apcSn¡pIbpw DXv]mZ\w IpdbpIbpw sN¿pw. sX§n³ Nph«nse a®v amän t\m¡nbm Cu ]pgphns\ ImWm³ Ignbpw.

sX§n³ tXm¸nse hmg, ac¨o\n, tN\ XpS§nb CShnfIfnepw ]pgp tN¡mdpWvSv.

\nb{Ww  

agbv¡v ap³]pw ]n³]pw a®v Bg¯nenf¡n ]pgphns\ ]pd¯v sImWvSv h¶v \in¸n¡mw.

]pgphns\ hWvSv IqSpXembn hcp¶Xv sabv-Pq¬ amkamWv. Cu kab¯v Chsb ]nSn¨v \in¸n¡Ww.  CXn\v hnf¡v sIWnIfpap]tbmKn¡mw

]pgp_m[ cq£amb tX«§fn 't^mtdäv 10 Pn' F¶ IoS\min\n, sXs§m¶n\v 100 {Kmw F¶ Afhn sabv-Pq¬ amkhpw sk]väw_À-HIvtSm_dnepw XS¯n hnXdn Inf¨p tNÀ¡Ww

]q¦pe¨mgn  

a¨n§ s]mgn¨nÂ, s]mgnª a¨n§bpsS tamSn ImWp¶ Xhn«p \ndapÅ hcIÄ F¶nhbmWv ]q¦pe¨mgnbpsS D]{Zh e£W§Ä. Nmgn¡p¯nbn«pw s]mgnbmsX hfcp¶ tX§bn hnÅepw Im¡s¸m¶pw ImWmw, C¯cw tX§ t]SmIm\pw km[yXbpWvSv.  Pq¬ apX P\phcn hscbmWv ]q¦pe¨mgnbpsS D]{Zhw hÀ[n¡p¶Xv.

\nb{Ww  

0.1% hocy¯n ImÀ_mdn Xnfbv¡pIbmWv \nb{´W¯napÅ hgn. t]c, sImt¡m, Iipamhv XpS§nbhcnepw ]q¦pe¨mgn F¯mdpWvSv. AXn\m Chbn IqSn acp¶v Xfn \S¯p¶Xv IoS\nb{´W¯n\p]Icn¡pw.

tcmK§Ä - AdnbpI, \nb{´n¡pI  

\½psS \m«n sX§n\pWvSmIp¶ {][m\ tcmK§Ä Imäp hogvN, Hme NobÂ, Iq¼pNobÂ, sN¶oscmen¸v XpS§nbhbmWv.

Imäp hogvN

Hcp \qämWvSv ]n¶n«v hfsc ]g¡apÅ tcmKamWv Imäp hogvN. Xncp\´]pcw apX XriqÀ hscbpÅ PnÃIfn hfsc hym]Iambpw hS¡³ PnÃIfn A§n§mbpw Imäp hogvN ImWp¶p.  tIc Irjn¡v hfscb[nIw km¼¯nI \jvSapWvSm¡p¶ tcmKw IqSnbmWnXv.

tcmK e£Ww  

Hme¡mepIÄ hmcnsbÃpIÄ t]mse AIt¯¡v hfbpI, HmeIfn aªfn¸pWvSmIpI, Hme¡mensâ AcnIpW§pI apXembhbmWv {][m\ e£W§Ä. tcmKw KpcpXcamIpt¼mÄ sX§nsâ aWvSbpw timjn¡p¶p.

'ss^täm¹mkva' F¶p t]cmb kq£vamWp¡fmWv Imäp hogvN¡v ImcWw F¶Xv kw_Ôn¨v ]T\§fn sXfnªXmbn dnt¸mÀ«p sN¿p¶p, Chsb hym]n¸n¡p¶Xv jUv]ZPohnIfmWv.

\nb{Ww  

^eh¯pw ]qÀ®hpamb tcmK \nb{´W§Ä H¶pw Xs¶ Imäp hogvNbv¡v FXncmbn \nehnenà F¶XmWv Gähpw hnjaIcamb hkvXpX. AXpt]mse Xs¶ sX§n\p Imäp hogvN _m[n¡mXncn¡m³ hyàamb ap³IcpXepw kzoIcn¡m\nÃ. F¦nepw tcmKanÃm¯ {]tZi§fn tcmKw _m[n¨p ImWp¶ ssXIfpWvsS¦n Ahsb \in¸n¨p IfbWw.

F¶m tcmK¯nsâ XpS¡¯n Xs¶ sX§p \¶mbn ]cnNcn¨m tcmKw cq£amImXncn¡pIbpw DXv¸mZ\£aX IpdbmXncn¡pI¿pw sN¿pw. CXn\mbn ip]mÀi sN¿p¶ ]cnNcW apdIÄ C\n¸dbp¶p.

tcmK_m[nXamb tIchr£§Ä¡pff k´penXamb hf{]tbmKw - Hcp sX§n\v hÀjw tXmdpw 50 Intem sPhhfw \ÂIWw. IqSmsX 1.1 Intem bqdnb, 1.7 Intem akqdot^mkv, 1.7 Intem ayqdntbäv Hm^v s]m«mjv F¶nh cWvSp {]hmiyambn \ÂIWw. CXnsâ aq¶nsemcp `mKw G{]nÂ- tabnepw ap¶n cWvSp `mKw sk]väa_À- HIvtSm_dnepw tNÀ¡Ww.  ]pdta Hcp Intem aáojyw kÄt^äv sX§n\v hÀjw tXmdpw cWvSmas¯ cmkhf {]tbmKt¯msSm¸w \ÂIWw.

cq£ambn tcmKw ]nSn¨v DXv¸mZ\w Xosc Ipdª BZmbanÃm¯ sX§v apdn¨p amän, anI¨ ASnss¯ hbv¡pIbmWv \ÃXv.

th\¡me¯v \¶mbn \\bv¡pI. Hcp sX§n\v HcmgvN 250 enäÀ shffw \ÂIWw.

G{]nÂ- sabn ]¨nehfs¨SnIÄ hnX¨v sk]väw_À -HIvtäm_dn XS¯n tNÀ¡Ww

sX§n\nSbn A\ptbmPyamb CShnfIÄ Irjn sN¿pI.

HmeNobÂ, sIm¼³sNÃn, sN¼³sNÃn XpS§nbhbvs¡Xnsc \nb{´W \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡pI.

HmeNob  

\mt¼mebn Xhn«v \ndapff sNdnb s]m«pIÄ ImWp¶XmWv HmeNobensâ {]mcw`e£Ww. {ItaW Ch H¶ptNÀ¶v HmeNmbp¶p. C¯cw Hme hncnbpt¼mÄ Noª`mK§Ä DW§n Imän ]d¶v t]mIp¶Xv sImWvSv hnidnbpsS BIrXnbn Hme \n¡p¶v ImWw. \t¼mebpsS AgpInb `mK§Ä H«nt¨À¶v Hme¡mepIÄ hnScmsX Nobp¶Xmbpw Nnet¸mÄ IWvSn«pWvSv.

km[mcWbmbn ImäphoÝ _m[n¨ sX§n HmeNob tcmKhpw ImWmw. CXv Hcp IpanÄ tcmKamWv. HmeNob sX§nsâ D¸mZ\£aX Ipdbv¡pw.

\nb{Ww  

Ipt¼mebpsSbpw AXn\v sXm«Sp¯ cWvSv HmeIfpsSbpw Noª `mK§Ä apdn¨v amäpI.

ssUt¯³ Fw 45 F¶ IpanÄ \min\n 3 {Kmw 300 anÃn shff¯n Ie¡n, \t¼mebpsS Nph«nsemgn¡pI.

t^mtdäv 10- Pn F¶ IoS\min\n 20 {Kmw, 200 {Kmw BäpaWen IeÀ¯n Ipt¼mebpsS Nph«n\v Npäpw CSpI. CXv G{]nÂ- tabnepw HIvtäm_À- \hw_dnepw sN¿Ww.

tcmK_m[bpff {]tZi¯v, tcmK_m[bnÃm¯ sX§pIÄ¡v IqSn {]Xntcm[ \S]Sn F¶ \nebv¡v CXv sN¿p¶Xv \ÃXmWv.

Iq¼p NobÂ

XpS¡¯n Xs¶ icnbmb {]Xnhn[n kzoIcn¨nsæn sX§ns\ \in¸n¡phm³ Ignhpff Hcp IpanÄ tcmKamWv Iq¼p NobÂ.

\mt¼me Cfw aª\ndambn hmSn¯pS§p¶XmWv Iq¼p Nob tcmK¯nsâ {]Ya e£Ww. XpSÀ¶v Npäpapff Hmebv¡v aª\ndamIp¶p. \t¼mebpsS Nph«n \n¶v Noªv XpS§p¶p. AXv HSnªv Xq§p¶p. CtXmsSm¸w aWvSbgpIn ZqÀKÔw DWvSmIpI¿pw sN¿pw. HmeIÄ sImgnbpI¿pw Ahkm\w sX§n³ aWvS adnbpI¿pw sN¿p¶p.

ag¡me¯v A´co£¯nse CuÀ¸\ne hÀ²n¡pI¿pw NqSv IpdbpI¿pw sN¿pt¼mÄ Iq¼vNob ]Scp¶p.

\nb{Ww  

XpS¡¯n Xs¶ \nb{´W \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¨nsæn sX§v \in¡m\nSbmIpw. aWvSbnse tISph¶ `mK§Ä apdn¨v amän \¶mbn hr¯nbm¡nbn«v 10 iXam\w hocyapff t_mÀtUm Ipgt¼m ]pc«Ww. acp¶v ]pc«nb `mK¯v ag sImffmXncn¡m³ ¹mÌn¡v k©ntbm a¬N«ntbm sImWvSpaqSWw. AXv t]mse Xs¶ apdn¨v amänb `mK§Ä Xobn«v \in¸n¡pI¿pw thWw.

Npäpapff sX§pIÄ¡v Hcp {]Xntcm[ \S]Sn F¶ \nebv¡v 1 iXam\w hocyapff t_mÀtUm an{inXw Xfnbv¡Ww.

sN¶oscmen¸v 

sX§n³ XSnbpsS NphSv `mK¯v hnffepIfn¡qsS Xhn«v \ndw IeÀ¶ Nph¶ {ZmhIw Hen¨nd§p¶XmWv sN¶oscmen¸nsâ apJye£Ww. CXv IpanÄ tcmKamWv.

hnffepIfneqsS Hen¨nd§p¶ {ZmhIw XSnbpsS ]pd¯v ]än¸nSn¨ncn¡p¶p. {ItaW ]«bpsS ASn`mKw NobpI¿pw sN¿pw. tcmKw KpcpXcambm ]pdw aSepIÄ aª \ndambn hmSnbpW§pw. sX§nsâ D¸mZ\tijnbpw B\p]mXnIambn Ipdbpw.

\nb{Ww  

tcmKw _m[n¨ `mKw sN¯namäpI.

apdnhn 4% hocyanff ImenIvkn³ (4 anÃn ImenIvkn³ 100 anÃn shff¯nÂ) F¶ tXmXn IeÀ¯n ]pc«pI.

aq¶v Znhkw Ignªv CtX apdnhn NqSm¡nb XmÀ ]pc«pI.

50 Intem ssPhhfw Hmtcm sX§n\pw \ÂIpI.

IqSmsX sXs§m¶n\v 5 Intem th¸n³ ]n®m¡v C«p sImSp¡pI.

25 anÃn ImenIvkn³ 25 enäÀ shff¯n IeÀ¯n sX§n³ XS¯nse a®n \mep amk¯nsemcn¡Â Hgn¨v sImSp¡p¶Xpw tcmK\nb{´W¯n\p]Icn¡pw.