Xncnv

     anc Itmv

 
    
hnp hcp P\kwJybpw PohnXmhiyfpw ]cnlcnsSWsan ImjnI taJebnse Dev]mZ\aX hnntWvSXv AXymt]nXamWv. Pp
- kkymhinjvS NogpIn cq]sSp lyqakv (Humus) AYhm tZw F ]ZmamWv ans `uXnIhpw, cmknIhpw, ssPhnIhpamb KpWhntijfpsS ASnm\ LSIw. ans Dev]mZaX AXnse kqvamWpfptSbpw tZntbpw Afhns\ B{ibnmWncnpXv. h\mcfnse an 5% tZw DWvSmbncnptm \psS IrjnbnSfn shdpw 0.5% apX 1%  hscbmWv tZw ASnbncnpXv.

        anse tZmwiw DbpXn\p ancI \ ]p hlnppWvSv. ancI IjIs an{Xambpw Iebmbpw {]hnpp.  GItZiw 3000 C\nep ancI DXmbn IsWvSnbnpWvSv. ImgvNbnsænepw {]Imins\Xnsc s]sv {]XnIcnpIbpw, ]pIfnmsX Blmcw s]mSnpIbpw sNp Hcp khntij PohnbmWv anc. hmbvpnsep aXcnIfpw av BlmciIefpw kqva PohnIfpsS kmnymepw A\mfns a\mepw s]mSncbvpp.  C{]Imcw s]mSnc `Wkm[\ IpSnen ]e Xcnep FsskapIfpambn Iev cmkob hnLS\w kw`hnpp. XpSv ancbvv Bhiyamb t]mjILSI hensSpXn\p tijw ]eXcnep kpva PohmWp FsskapI, tlmtamWpI Bn _tbmnpI Fnh ASnb apw av ssPhmhinjvSfpw Ipcpbmbn hnknpp. Ccnep `uXnIhpw cmknIhpamb  {]h\fpsS ]cnWnX^eamWv anc Itmv cq]sSpXv.  A\pIqe kmlNcy \In ancsb hfp {]{Inbsb thanIĨ (Vermi Culture) Fv hnfnmw.

        ancIsf Bgn ImWsSphsbpw D]cnXen ImWsSphsbpw cWvSmbn Xcw Xncnmw.

  1. Bgn ImWsSph

Ccw ancIsfbmWv IrjnbnSfn km[mcWbmbn \mw ImWpXv.  3 ao XmgvNbn hsc ImWsSmhp Ch hwih\hn\mbmWv ans D]cnXen FpXv.  {]XnIqe kmlNcysf AXnPohnphm Ignhp  ChsbbmWv 'IjIs an{Xw' (Friends of farmers) Fv hntijnnpXv.

DZm: s^cnan CtemtK (feritima elongeta)        

        hfqdp an [mcmfambn ImWsSp henb IpcpI  CeIfpsS {]h\^eambmWv DWvSmIpXv.  Blmc kmZ\w ans Bgfn hv \SpXn\m Ccw ancI Itmv \nmWn\v tbmPnhb.

2.  D]cnXen ImWsSph  

        ans D]cnXene ssPhmhinjvS am{Xw Xnp Pohnp Hcn\amWv Ch.  ]nIfpsSbpw ap PohnIfptSbpw CcbmIm kmyXbpXpsImWvSv Xpdmb ev  Chsb hfphm km[npIbn. BbXn\m A\pIqe kmlNcyn Chsb hfn hwih\hv \Sphm km[npw.  

DZm : sFkn\nb t^mbnnUm (Eisenia Foetida) bq{Unekv bqPn\nb (Eudrilus eugenia)

        ans Dev]mZ\aX \ne\nWsan PohnX irwJebnse hnhn[ InIfmb av, PohmWp, kkyPme, a\pjy-arKmZnI Chbvsmpw bmsXmcphn[ tImhpw Xm coXnbn ssPhP\yamb ]Zm am{Xw D]tbmKnpsImWvSp IrjncoXnI Ahew_ntWvSnbncnpp. Acw IrjncoXnbmWv ssPhIrjn (organic farming) AYhm kpncIrjn (Sustainable agriculture) Fv hntijnnpXv. kpnc Irjnbn ancbvpw anc Itmn\pw KWyamb ]pWvSv.          

  • anc Itmv \nmWw 

        D]cnXen ImWsSp ancIsf D]tbmKnv ssPhmhinjvSsf hmbphns  kmnyn hnLSnnptm Inp Idpp s]mSn AhinjvSsbmWv anc Itmv AYhm anc hfw (vermi compost) Fv hnfnpXv.  Poh\p anc, kqva PohmWp,  ancsImq, tZw FnhbpsS Hcp an{inXamWv  anc Itmv.

  • anc Itmv \nmWw ASpf AhinjvSfn \nv

  1. 45 x 30 x 45  sk. ao hnkvXrXnbnep XSnsImWvSptXm, mnv sImWvSv \nn ]c ]m{Xtfm (Basin ) CXn\mbn D]tbmKnmw.  

  2. XSnsnbmWv D]tbmKnpsXn kpjnc C Hcp mnv jov s]nbpsS ASnbn Cm XSn s]sv tISmIpXv Hgnhmmw.

  3. XSnsn t_kns Ghpw ASnbnembn aqv sk. ao I\n s]mSn aWepw AXn\p apIfnembn 5 sk. ao I\n NIncnbpw hncnpI

  4. AXn\ptijw Hcp \nc DWnb NmWIhptam Itmtm hnXdnbnv ancsb \nt]npI  

  5. Hmtcm Znhkhpw ASpfbn \npw Inp AhinjvS Iptdsbmbn CXn Cp sImSppI.  

  6. NmpsImtWvSm, XpWnsImtWvSm aqSn Itmn\pn t\cnv kqcy{]Imiw ]XnpXns\ XSbpI.  

  7. BgvNbnsemcn ssPhmhinjv` Cfn sImSppI.

  8. HmtcmZnhkhpw Itmn\pnse \\hv ]cntim[npI. \\hv IqSpXembn IWvSm ISemkv IjWtfm, Cuw BKncWw sNp ]Zmtfm Cv Cfn sImSppI.

  9. s]ntbm, t_knt\m AhinjvS sImWvSp \ndp Ignm HcmgvNtbvp  IqSn kqnpI.

  • anc Itmv \nmWw  hmWnPymSnm\n

  1. shw sInnSm \w sXcsSpv 2.5 ao \ofhpw 1 ao hoXnbpw 40 sk; ao: XmgvNbpap IpgnsbSppI. av \ncv t]mImhn[w Nppw IpsImtWvSm atm sIpI.

  2. IpgnbpsS ASn`mKhpw av hifpw \mbn ASnpdnpI.

  3. IpgnbpsS ASnbnembn Ipdp s]mSnaW hnXdpI. AXn\papIfnembn NIncntbm, sImn\ndpnb sXmWvSn IjWtfm \ncpI. 

  4. XpSv Icnbne, IjWfmnb hmgnWvSn, hmgS Fnhtbm av ssPhhinjvStfm, NmWIhpambn 8 : 1 F A\p]m Xn Ien hnXdpI.  D]cnXen¶pw 30 sk. ao. Dbcn hsc AhinjvS \nt]npI.

  5. AhinjvS Cv ]v (10) Znhkw IgnXn\p tijw 500 apX 1000 hsc ancsb (0.5-1 In.{Kmw) Ipgnbn \nt]npI.

  6. Asæn asmcp Ipgnbn ssPhmhinjvS NmWIhpambn ta]d A\p]mXn Cfn tbmPnnv ]v Znhkw IgnXn\p tijw CXns\ asmcp Itmv Ipgnpn \nt]nmhpXpw XpSv ancsb CdmhpXpamWv.

  7. ancsb Cdp kabv ssPhmhinjvSn Pens Awiw A[nIw DWvSmbncncpXv. 

  8. ancsb CdnbXn\ptijw Ipgn sXtme Asæn Nmnv aqSpI.

  9. Bhiym\pkcWw Ipgnpn shw XfnpsImSppI.

  10. BgvNbnsemcn ssPhmhinjvS CfnsImSppI.

  11. C{]Imcw Xmdmnb 'anc Itmv' 25 apX 45 Znhkn\pn Idpp   s]mSnv anchfambn cq]mcsncnpw.

  • Itmv kw`cWw

        Xmdmnb anc Itmv \ow sNpXn\v HcmgvN ap]mbn PetkN\w \nnhbvpI ]mIamb Itmv Ipgnbn \nv \ow sNbvXv kqcy{]Imiw \mbn ]Xnp ev cWvSpaqv aWnq kabtbvv Iq\ IqnbnSpI. (kqcy{]Imins kmn[yn ancI Iq\bpsS ASnbntebvv Cdpp).  AXn\ptijw Iq\bpsS apIfn \npw Iptdsbmbn Itmv \ow sNpI.  Ghpw ASnbnembn ImWsSp ancIsf hoWvSpw Ipgnbntebvv \nt]nv `mKnIambn No AhinjvS \In Itmv Xmdm {]{Inb XpScmhpXmWv. \ow sNbvX Itmv DWn NmpIfnemn kqnpItbm, DWn AcnsSpv sNdnb mnIv IhdpIfnemn hn]W\w \SpItbm sNmw.

  •   anc Itmv \nmWn {intWvS Imcy  

  1. ancbpsS {][m\ i{Xpfmb Ddpv, Fen, ]nI Fnhbn \npw ]cn]q kwcWw \IpI.

  2. Itmv Ipgnp Nppambn IoS\min\nI hnXdpItbm, shffn Ien XfnpItbm sNbvXm Ddpns ieyw Hgnhmmw.  

  3. Fenieyw Hgphmm In he D]tbmKnpItbm, Ipgnp ]pdmbn Fen]mbtam tIv cq]nepff hnj]Zmtfm D]tbmKnpI.

  4. Itmv Ipgnpffnse Cuw 40% A[nIw BImsX kqnpI. Itmnse A[nIw Pew \ow sNphm\mbn DWnb CeItfm, ISemkv IjWtfm Bhiym\pkcWw Cv Cfn sImSppI.

  5. Fcnhv, Dv, F Fnh ASnbnpff AhinjvS Itmv \nmWn\mbn D]tbmKncpXv.

  6. BgvNbnsemcn AhinjvS Cfn sImSppXv Nobens\ IqSpX klmbnpw.  

  7. Itmv ]mIambm AXv DS \ow sNtWvSXpw ]pXnb ssPhmhinjvS Cp sImSptWvSXpamWv.  

  8. Itmv Ipgnpffn bmsXmcphn[ IoS\min\nItfm, Ipan \min\nItfm D]tbmKnm ]mSn.  

  9. ssPhmhinjvStfmsSmw mnv IjWtfm, Ipn apdnItfm, \nt]nm ]mSn.  

  •  anc Itmv sImWvSpff {]tbmP\  

  1. km[mcW Itmv XmdmpXn\v  6 amkw kabw thWvSn hcptm, anc Itmn\v shdpw 30 apX 45 Znhkw am{Xw aXn.  

  2. km[mcW Itmnse ]mIyP\Iw, `mhlw mcw FnhbpsS iXam\w 0.7, 0.25, 0.5 BWv. Fm anc Itmn 1.5 % ]mIyP\Ihpw 0.4 % `mhlhpw 1.8 % mchpw ASncnpp.

  3. kkyt]mjI aqeI sNSnIġp thKn hensSpmhp cq]nepw IqSnb Afhnepw ancItmn ASnbncnpp.

  4. anc Itmn hnman\pI, tlmtamWpI, Bn_tbmnpI apXemb sNSnIfpsS hfsb DtPnnp LSI ASnbncnpp.  

  5. anse kqva PohnIfpsS {]h\s XzcnXsSpphm Cu Itmn\v km[npw.  

  6. anse hmbp kmchpw Pekw`cWtijnbpw hnnphm klmbnpp.

  7. km[mcW ItmpWvSmptm DWvSmIp ZpKw anc Itmn\n.  

  8. anc Itmn apJy kkyt]mjI aqeI IqSmsX av kqa aqeIfpw ASnbncnpp.

  9. anc Itmv kkyfpsS tcmK{]Xntcm[tijn hnnpp.  

        anc Itmv D]tbmKnpff IrjncoXn Poh\ an\v ]pXpPoh \In AXns mbn`mhw \ne\nm klmbnpp. ]cnnXnv lm\nIcamXpw ssPhnI kpncXbpffXpw kmnI t\apWvSmpXpamb HmWv anc Itmv \nmWhpw AXv D]tbmKnpff IrjncoXnbpw. Itmv \nmWn\mbn D]tbmKnp ancIġpw DWn ]mIsSpn Itmn\pw hn]W\ kmyX Cv GsdbmWv. AXn\m anc Itmv \nmWhpw ancIrjnbpw kzbwsXmgn IsWvSpXn\pw AXneqsS hcpam\w hnnpXn\pw DXpIp Hcp kwcw`amWv.